The Ilinden Uprising

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  • Prolet
    replied
    Bill, I agree mate

    The good news now is that they built a road to the Manastir Sv Preobrazenije and EVN is going to provide the Electricity so it lights up at night. Krushevo is a top city, especially during winter time.

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  • Bill77
    replied
    Originally posted by Prolet View Post
    Bill, Whats your opinion of Krushevo?
    I never been there mate and its one of my bigest regrets. Mabe next time.

    I know Tose loved it dearly and had plans one day to write a song about Krushevo. Unfortunatly he was taken away from us before he can live that dream.

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  • Soldier of Macedon
    replied
    Originally posted by Bill77 View Post
    Protect? Who or what is the cause of this danger for the Aromanian language/culture
    Yes, I would like for this statement to be clarified also. How exactly is Macedonia failing its Vlach population in Krushevo?

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  • Prolet
    replied
    Bill, Whats your opinion of Krushevo?

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  • Bill77
    replied
    Originally posted by Mastika View Post
    More could be done however for the people, the architecture and for the protection of the Aromanian language/culture.
    Protect? Who or what is the cause of this danger for the Aromanian language/culture

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  • Mastika
    replied
    Krusevo is, in my opinion, the most picturesque town in Macedonia. For those who havent been I definately recommend a visit there. The scenery leading into the town is very nice and the view is great from the top of the town looking down onto the houses and the rest of the area. More could be done however for the people, the architecture and for the protection of the Aromanian language/culture.

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  • Makedonetz
    replied
    Spolji Ti Prolet

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  • Prolet
    replied

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  • Makedonetz
    replied
    Kruevo / Крушево

    Kruevo (Macedonian: Крушево, Aromanian: Crushuva) is a town in the Republic of Macedonia. It is the highest town in Macedonia, situated at an altitude of over 4,000 feet (1250 m) above sea level. The town of Kruevo is the seat of Kruevo municipality.

    History

    Mentioned in documents from the 15th century, Kruevo is a living museum, famous for its traditional architecture, cultural sites, and legacy as the site of the great 1903 Ilinden uprising against Ottoman domination. The rebellion failed, but its memory is cherished in Macedonia even today, as a symbol of the national struggle for freedom and democracy; while it lasted only 10 days, the Kruevo Republic of revolutionary leader Nikola Karev represented a desire for self-rule under a modern European political system. Today an enormous monument on the hill above Kruevo marks the elusive dream of the Ilinden revolutionaries.

    During the Ilinden Uprising in 1903 the rebels proclaimed a short lived Kruevo Republic. Having suppressed the uprising the city was almost completely destroyed by the Ottoman army.The republic known as Kruevska republika was established here in 1903 during the Ilinden insurrection. One of the most important points in the Ilinden uprising was the declaration of the "Manifesto of Kruevo". It called for all the people of Macedonia regardless of their nationality and religion to fight together against the Ottoman Empire and live peacefully in a free country of Macedonia. Most of the heads and soldiers of Ilinden were pure Aromanians/Armans.

    There is in the area a monument called Mečkin Kamen (Bear's Stone). This was the place where the Aromanian Pitu Guli and his band (cheta) was trying to defend the town of Kruevo from the Turkish troops coming from Bitola. The whole band and their leader (voivode) perished and Kruevo as well as many of the nearby villages were set to fire by the Ottomans.


    Postcard with picture from Krushevo - 1903
    Kruevo is a picturesque mountain town. Situated at an altitude of 1,350 metres (4,400 ft), Kruevo is the highest town in the Republic of Macedonia. Kruevo is known for its many fine examples of 19th century domestic architecture. The town is full of old and more recent houses built in the style of old Aromanian architecture. The town was founded by Macedonians in the 15. century. The cultural and economic uprising of the town faced when Aromanians from Epirus in particular from Moscopolis arrived there in the 18. century. Today we have the highest concentration of Aromanians/Armans in Macedonia in Krusevo.

    It is home to Mečkin Kamen, an historical landmark which marks the spot of the uprising of 1903. On 2 August every year, it is the site of the traditional Macedonian Independence Day celebrations, which are attended by the President of Macedonia and other Macedonian political leaders.Kruevo also hosts the Makedonium monument to the Ilinden Uprising and a number of museums of the Ilinden Uprising.The towns galleries include an exhibit of 19th century icons and a memorial to the master of modern Aromanian painting Nikola Martinovski who was born in this town.Because of its elevation, Kruevo is one of
    Macedonias winter sports destinations; the same quality also makes this pine-forested getaway a comfortable destination in summer, when the Kruevo air stays cooler and more pure than in the arid lowlands.

    Notable people

    Pitu Guli, Aromanian revolutionary, one of the most important Aromanian heroes

    Toe Proeski, famous Aromanian singer http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tose_Proeski (R.I.P) :rmacedonia

    Nikola Martinovski,Aromanian painter


    Panorama Krusevo
    [imghttp://www.cincarnet.com/krusevo.jpg[/img]


    YouTube - Krusevska republika | Крушевска република

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  • Soldier of Macedon
    replied
    What an interesting topic, it's nice to have some corroboration behind the suggestion that Jews helped the Macedonians of VMRO.

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  • TrueMacedonian
    replied
    According to John Shea's book 'Macedonia and Greece' he writes on page 168;

    Given the presence of at least one Jewish revolutionary (Julius Rosenberg) amongst prominent Ilinden heroes, it would seem that membership was expanded even further at some point in time.

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  • Prolet
    replied
    Not a whole lot has been documented about the Jews in the Ilinden Uprising.

    Good find BBS

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  • Risto the Great
    replied
    Isn't that interesting. Makes you wonder about the Jews of Solun, they would have been far better friends to Macedonians than the former Turkish Nationals that stole their land.

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  • Big Bad Sven
    replied
    Jews in the Ilinden Uprising fighting for Macedonia

    The most famous jew who was in VMRO was KAMHI RAPHAEL.

    Apparently he was very close to Goce Delcev and other revolutionaries.


    KAMHI RAPHAEL
    ( revolutionary )

    Kamhi RafaelKamhi, Raphael M. (1870-1970), known under his nickname, the voivode Skender beg, represents an important personality in the Macedonian revolutionary movement in which he left traces with his active participation in the organization and in the fighting actions of Macedonian people, donator for opening schools and supplier of TMORO with weapons. He was a well-known intellectual who assisted the orphanage of Bitola's parentless children. He was a Macedonian Jew from Bitola, and a well-known activist of VMRO, who took part in TMORO Foundation congress in 1896. R.Kamhi was a participant in Solun and in the ransom negotiation for the kidnapped Miss Stone, aa well as a participant in the Ilinden rebellion, engaged in building a secret weapon storehouse (together with Dame Gruev) in Bitola for the needs of VMRO (1894), and a person who was responsible for the finances of the organization. He was born in Bitola in a Jewish family and was educated in a Jewish school. CK of TMORO was situated in Solun in the house of Raphael Kamhi. In 1896 R.Kamhi took part in the first congress of TMORO in Solun as a special courier and connection between CK and the organization. He was discovered and prosecuted by the Turkish authorities and even imprisoned, but with the help of bribe he was liberated and able to move freely in Bitola, Resen, Kostur and other places. In the period of the

    Ilinden rebellion he actively participated in the first lines. After the rebellion he went to Bulgaria, where he met important people such as: the prince Ferdinand whom he expressed his disappointment about Bulgarian interference in the Macedonian liberation. He participated at Rila's congress of VMRO (1905) where he opposed A.Protogerov and T.Aleksandrov points of view. During the Balkan wars and the First World War Kamhi was on the side of the people and the organization. Even in the period of Serbian occupation he was fighting for Macedonian liberation. Then the Second World started. The Bulgarian occupation came. In 1943 Kamhi was imprisoned, but thanks to Bulgaria he was liberated and he moved from Bitola to Sofia. In 1950 he went to Israel where he stayed till the end of his life in Tel Aviv. He died in 1970 at the age of 100. His memories regarding his rich revolutionary life and his companionship with Dame Gruev, Goce Delcev, Gorce Petrov and others,as well as his manuscripts were sent to INI Skopje. He found the motto "the liberty must be the act of the all conquered people" an important power that should inspire people to action. He wrote a book "Memories", source oral sayings and documents (published in Sofia in 2000). He was a confident friend of Delcev which fact can be supported by Goce's present in Bitola and his spending a night in his house (November 1901).

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  • Pelister
    replied
    Macedonians fighting for recognition of their own Church.

    In that situation, the road leads towards the renewal of the Ohrid Archbishopric, an idea [ideal] which since long ago has been circulating in the heads of some “separatists”, among whom there are bishops, such as the likes of former Skopje bishop the Reverend Theodosius...”
    ( Excerpts from the "Golden Book - 100 Years VMRO", published by GLAS (VOICE) of VMRO-DPMNE, Skopje, 1993. Author of section is Dr. Aleksandar Trajanovski, page 25 )

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