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Old 01-06-2010, 11:40 PM   #10
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Originally Posted by makedonin View Post
The OS suffix on the end of the Greek words is added to the Nouns which are maculine in the Nominative case.

It appears that it would be in Greek "o Alexandros" which makes the name Maculine.

Interestingly, the Alexander I, the grandfather of Alexander III had this coin:

So on the coin we read ALESANDRO and not the ALEXANDROS.

That opens interesting perspective.
Point of clarification, Alexander I was not the Grandfather of Alexander III Makedonski, he reigned much earlier than that. He was not even grandfather of Filip II Makedonski.

Good point on the coin inscription and we should look at other Macedonian royal coinage issues, especially some of the early ones.


Alexander I, B.C. 498-454. With the possible exception of certain coins struck at Aegae, the old capital of Macedon, with the letters ΑΛ, ΑΛΕ, &c. (Babelon, Traité, II. i. p. 1098), there are no coins of Alexander I of an earlier date than B.C. 480, about which time, by his conquest of the Bisaltae, he made himself master of those prolific mines which are said to have yielded him as much as a talent of silver daily.
This fresh influx of money, and the opening up of a new commercial route from Macedon to the Greek towns of the Thracian coast, by way of the valley of the Strymon, doubtless occasioned the change in standard from Babylonic to Phoenician, which now took place in the Macedonian currency.

The earlier coins of Alexander’s long reign resemble in their rude and forcible style, and frequently also in type, the inscribed octadrachms of the Bisaltae. The specimens assignable to the latter part of his reign are much more refined in style, but as they are frequently without inscriptions it is in many cases impossible to draw a line between these and the coins of his successor Perdiccas.

Earlier issues. Style rude.

ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟ written round an incuse square within which is a linear sq. containing a goat to r.

ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟ written round an inc. sq. within which is a quadripartite linear sq. in low relief (Fig. 130)

ΑΛΕ in three corners of inc. and linear sq. containing forepart of goat, &c.
AR Tetradr., 202.3 grs.

Perdiccas II, B.C. 454-413. There are various, mostly uninscribed, Macedonian coins of Phoenician weight, with types resembling those here assigned to Alexander I, but of more recent style, which probably belong to the reign of Perdiccas. The absolutely certain and inscribed coins of this king are less numerous.
ΠΕΡΔΙΚ Helmet in incuse square.
AR Tetrobol.

Π]ΕΡ Forepart of lion in incuse square.
AR Diobol

ΠΕΡ Club and bow in incuse square.
AR Diobol

Archelaus I, B.C. 413-399. From the beginning of the fifth century we have seen that the Phoenician stater (wt. 230-220 grs.) had been in use for the royal coinage of Macedon, but with the accession of Archelaus this stater was exchanged for one of 170 grs., which, from its weight (equivalent to two Persian sigli), has been designated as the Persic stater. The money of the two important cities of Abdera and Maroneia also underwent a like transformation at the same time. The causes of this change of standard remain unexplained.
ΑΡΧΕΛΑΟ Forepart of goat in incuse and linear square (Fig. 131).
AR Stater, 160 grs.

ΑΡΧΕΛ Eagle in incuse square.
AR Diobol.

ΑΡΧ Forepart of wolf; above, club.
AR Obol, 14 grs.

ΑΡΧΕΛΑΟ Club, quiver, and bow.
Æ Size .7

ΑΡΧΕ Forepart of boar or forepart of butting bull.
Æ .5

Aëropus (= Archelaus II), B.C. 396-392.
ΑΕΡΟ[Π]Ο Horse with loose rein.
AR Stater, 159 grs.

ΑΕΡΟ Forepart of wolf; above, club.
AR Obol.

ΑΕΡΟ Wolf’s head and club.
AR ½ Obol, 7 grs.

ΑΕΡΟΠΟ Horse walking.
Æ .6

Pausanias, B.C. 390-389.
ΠΑΥΣΑΝΙΑ Horse standing in linear sq.
AR Stater, 160 grs.

Amyntas III, First Reign, B.C. 389-383.

„ „ Second Reign, B.C. 381-369.

Some of the coins bearing the name of Amyntas may belong to the short reign of Amyntas II.

ΑΜΥΝΤΑ Horse standing in linear and inc. sq.
AR Stater, 143 grs.

ΑΜΥΝΤΑ Forepart of wolf.
Æ .4

Alexander II, B.C. 369-368. No coins can be certainly attributed to this king; but see Imhoof, Porträtköpfe, p. 13.

Perdiccas III, B.C. 365 or 364-359.

ΠΕΡΔΙΚΚΑ Horse trotting; beneath, club.
AR Stater, 159 grs.

Philip II, B.C. 359-336. Philip of Macedon, having obtained posses- sion of the hitherto unworked gold mines of Pangaeum (B.C. 356), the immense output of which rapidly brought down the market price of gold in relation to silver in European Greece from 12: 1 (its then rate of exchange at Athens) to 10: 1, found it politically as well as financially expedient to reorganize the Macedonian currency on a new system modelled upon, though not identical with, that of Athens. His new gold stater, which was destined to obtain a world-wide reputation, rivalling that of the old Persian daric, he made equivalent to the Athenian gold stater of 135 grs., which had, hitherto, at the existing ratio of 12:1, been tariffed at 24 Attic drachms of 67.5 grs.

AV Stater, 133 grs.

ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ Bearded Macedonian horse- man wearing kausia and chlamys, right hand raised.
AR Tetradr

ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ Youth on horse.
AR Didr., 112 grs

ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ Naked horseman prancing
AR Tetrob., 40 grs.

Alexander the Great, B.C. 336-323. The coinage of Alexander is a branch of Numismatics too extensive and complicated for discussion in detail in the present work. The gold Philippi and the silver tetra- drachms (225 grs.) of his father Philip had, for a period of about twenty years, been the chief currency throughout Philip’s European dominions, and it is hardly likely that Alexander would have abolished these coins and introduced a new standard (the Attic) for his silver money until he found himself compelled to do so for commercial reasons. The fall in the price of gold in relation to silver was probably one, though not per- haps the chief, of these reasons. The general depreciation of gold made it no doubt impossible for him to maintain, by royal decree, the old relation of 13.3: 1 to silver which had prevailed in the East down to the fall of the Persian Empire, according to which 1 gold Daric of about 130 grs. was tariffed as equivalent to 20 silver sigloi of about 86½ grs., or to 10 silver staters of Persic wt., of about 173 grs. The inveterate con- servatism of the East, which could brook no change in the number of silver coins exchangeable for a gold piece, would not however be startled by a modification of the weights of the two denominations.

ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ Eagle on fulmen, his head usually turned back; symbols, caduceus, eagle’s head, bull’s head facing, ear of corn.
AR Drachm (Attic)

ΑΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ Eagle on fulmen; symbols, pentalpha, caduceus, cres- cent.
AR ½ Drachm.

ΛΕΞΑΝΔΡΟΥ (rarely with ΒΑΣΙ- ΛΕΩΣ) Winged Nike holding mast with spar (naval standard, Z. f. N., xxv. p. 215); various mint-marks and monograms.
AV Distater, 266 grs.

NB: In above list not one Macedonian coin to be found where name of the king ends in "os"! Is there such coins?


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