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Diabolical 02-18-2009 03:47 AM

The Ilinden Uprising
 
Hi, I'm looking for info on the Ilinden Uprising, specifically the liberation of Krusevo. How long did it take to liberate the town, who was involved, what weapons were used, strategy, the fighting size of both sides. etc

So far I've only found very general info. Gimme anything you got, video, text, in English, Macedonian, wateva!

Also, where can I find biographies on the members of VMRO? I've found one on Goce Delchev... what about the other members?

The reason for this is that I'm writing a historical short story, on Macedonia in the 1900s ( A major project for school). So does anyone know what daily life was like in the 1900s (so around 1890 until the Uprising) Eg. A child growing up in Macedonia, would he go to school (I read that VMRO recruited in schools?), until what age, what was life in the gradovi like as oppossed to the sela, what about job prospects etc.

I really do realize that this is asking a lot, but if anyone can point me to a book, or can help me out in any way possible, that would be great :D I'll post my progress here and when I'm done (should be towards the end of the year) I'll post it here :)

Thanks again :D

Soldier of Macedon 02-18-2009 04:32 AM

Welcome mate. Here is something we started a little while back:

[url]http://www.macedoniantruth.org/forum/showthread.php?t=419[/url]

It is an interesting topic and I am sure others here can assist with information where it concerns the Macedonian revolutionaries of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Pelister 02-19-2009 12:29 AM

[QUOTE=Diabolical;12063]Hi, I'm looking for info on the Ilinden Uprising, specifically the liberation of Krusevo. How long did it take to liberate the town, who was involved, what weapons were used, strategy, the fighting size of both sides. etc

So far I've only found very general info. Gimme anything you got, video, text, in English, Macedonian, wateva!

Also, where can I find biographies on the members of VMRO? I've found one on Goce Delchev... what about the other members?

The reason for this is that I'm writing a historical short story, on Macedonia in the 1900s ( A major project for school). So does anyone know what daily life was like in the 1900s (so around 1890 until the Uprising) Eg. A child growing up in Macedonia, would he go to school (I read that VMRO recruited in schools?), until what age, what was life in the gradovi like as oppossed to the sela, what about job prospects etc.

I really do realize that this is asking a lot, but if anyone can point me to a book, or can help me out in any way possible, that would be great :D I'll post my progress here and when I'm done (should be towards the end of the year) I'll post it here :)

Thanks again :D[/QUOTE]

Wow, interesting times in Macedonia.

It was a real wild west. Full of [I]Arami[/I], Muslims, Turks, Jannisseries, [I]Aga's[/I] and the like.

For instance, after the fall of Krushevo, the Aga of Prilep (an Albanian in the Turkish army), had permission to lead about 3,000 Jannisseries (Albanians) to sack it for its wealth, and riches because they knew there was riches there. That was their 'pay'. They went from house to house, looting and stealing anything they could find.

Diabolical 02-19-2009 04:31 AM

[QUOTE=Soldier of Macedon;12069]Welcome mate. Here is something we started a little while back:

[url]http://www.macedoniantruth.org/forum/showthread.php?t=419[/url]

It is an interesting topic and I am sure others here can assist with information where it concerns the Macedonian revolutionaries of the 19th and 20th centuries.[/QUOTE]

thanks! :D

[QUOTE=Pelister;12123]Wow, interesting times in Macedonia.

It was a real wild west. Full of [I]Arami[/I], Muslims, Turks, Jannisseries, [I]Aga's[/I] and the like.

For instance, after the fall of Krushevo, the Aga of Prilep (an Albanian in the Turkish army), had permission to lead about 3,000 Jannisseries (Albanians) to sack it for its wealth, and riches because they knew there was riches there. That was their 'pay'. They went from house to house, looting and stealing anything they could find.[/QUOTE]

That's interesting. I thought that there were also Albanian fighters in the uprising, fighting on the side of the Macedonians? Also what kind of riches was there in Krushevo? Also what are the Arami? Thanks!

Thank you everyone :D Keep it coming ehehe :D

Soldier of Macedon 02-19-2009 05:00 AM

Arami are theives.

Which Albanians fought on the Macedonian side?

Magedon 02-19-2009 05:28 AM

The Skipetar (nowadays Albanian) always fought either for himself or for the highest bidder (in those times the Turk) - Mercenarie is actually the only profession the Albanians were ever known for - or at least remembered as such. What is trade and merchendize to the Greek - mercenarie is to the Skipetar. They never ever fought along with Macedonians (except for the exceptions wich confirmed the rule) - they always somehow ended on the other side, or against the Macedonians.

Diabolical 02-19-2009 06:56 AM

In my research, I have picked up a useful book called IMRO and the Macedonian Question by Michael A. Radin.

It seems, I have misunderstood... It was the Vlachs that were enthusiastic and fought along the Macedonians (sorry, I have only recently seriously started looking into Macedonian history from Ottoman period hehe :))

a paragraph on p103 says [QUOTE]Albanians within Macedonia also played a significant role in the storming of Krushevo, and were active in establishing the new administration. A number of rebels from Albania acted as arms couriers for the Organization in the Demirhisar district.[/QUOTE]

It doesn't say more than that about the Albanians... Arms couriers, from the looks of it, seems like another word for "weapons dealer" more or less... that may be the "significant role" the book speaks of (or maybe this also included mercenaries that Magedon was speaking of) ... about the "new administration" I have no idea what that means..

Soldier of Macedon 02-19-2009 07:13 AM

Apart from selling us some guns for a buck, the Albanians had little to do with the Macedonian struggle for liberation.

Sarafot 02-19-2009 10:46 AM

Macedonian names for so called ''Albanians''!
-LJUNGA
-OK
-IPTAR
-ARNAUT
-GILIPTAR

Pelister 02-19-2009 10:45 PM

[QUOTE=Soldier of Macedon;12149]Arami are theives.

Which Albanians fought on the Macedonian side?[/QUOTE]

None.

In this specific fight, it was a call for anyone to join [I]only in principle[/I], but they were all Macedonians with one or two exceptions.

Risto the Great 02-20-2009 12:00 AM

[QUOTE=Diabolical;12161]In my research, I have picked up a useful book called IMRO and the Macedonian Question by Michael A. Radin.

It seems, I have misunderstood... It was the Vlachs that were enthusiastic and fought along the Macedonians (sorry, I have only recently seriously started looking into Macedonian history from Ottoman period hehe :))

a paragraph on p103 says

It doesn't say more than that about the Albanians... Arms couriers, from the looks of it, seems like another word for "weapons dealer" more or less... that may be the "significant role" the book speaks of (or maybe this also included mercenaries that Magedon was speaking of) ... about the "new administration" I have no idea what that means..[/QUOTE]
Michael is an intelligent guy.
I know him well.
But I wonder if he would write the same things if he had another go at it now.

Diabolical 02-21-2009 06:22 AM

What do you mean Risto?

Risto the Great 02-21-2009 04:22 PM

I mean that with the abundance of extra information available now as opposed to when he wrote the book, he may be able to shed more light on some of the issues he explored. I will ask him the next time I see him.

Pelister 02-21-2009 09:50 PM

Michael Radin, was all we had at one time, but he bought into the "we are 5th century Slavs" thing, and looking back over his stuff it now looks pretty basic.

TrueMacedonian 07-27-2009 05:56 PM

Contemporary Witnesses: Macedonian revolutionaries and Ilinden Uprising 1903
 
[url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0boIoPuNn_E&feature=related]YouTube - Contemporary Witnesses: Macedonian revolutionaries and Ilinden Uprising 1903 (1/3)[/url]
[url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vYd0qbeU7GI&feature=related]YouTube - Contemporary Witnesses: Macedonian revolutionaries and Ilinden Uprising 1903 (2/3)[/url]
[url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mKCl_Qsjbmk&feature=related]YouTube - Contemporary Witnesses: Macedonian revolutionaries and Ilinden Uprising 1903 (3/3)[/url]

Risto the Great 07-27-2009 06:44 PM

Awesome stuff.
I hate to say it ... but the modern Macedonian language has gone to the dogs.
This is the language of all Macedonians.

Soldier of Macedon 07-28-2009 12:50 AM

RtG, can you name some of the obvious departures that you have noticed when using the language of the folks in the clip as a comparison?

Soldier of Macedon 07-28-2009 08:08 AM

Don't bother, just watched the videos, I see what you mean when you compare it to the dialect of the old couple, although it is hard to make out some words due to the sound quality, how did you go with it? Where do you think they are from? There may be some Exarch influence in there with the word 'bashtami'.

I will post a sentence from the last clip.

Risto the Great 07-28-2009 08:13 AM

Mate, I would say it all sounded like my own people were speaking the language. The sound quality was not good, but the choice of words and accents seemed very "comfortable" to me.

Soldier of Macedon 07-28-2009 08:17 AM

Check the last vid between 4.39 and 5.49.

[I][B]Vrhovistite iska da doe Bugarija tuka, a pa centralistite [COLOR="Red"]gone mi e pa[/COLOR] samo stojatolna Makedonija da bide, nikoi da ne se nabrka, nitu srbin, nitu bugarin, nitu grk…….A na mene napravija tia, vrhovistite bashtami zakla, stoka imame dignaa, rasipaa, se, oti [COLOR="red"]sum ostaal [/COLOR]sos Delchev....[/B][/I]



There are defitenly some things that need altering, RtG, can you correct anything? Highlighted in red is some parts I am not sure of, nor even if the word is correct.

Rogi 07-28-2009 08:59 AM

Bloody hell I love our language!

Soldier of Macedon 07-29-2009 05:36 AM

It is a special and unique language, Macedonian is, and the folks in the video speak it beautifully.

El Bre 07-29-2009 09:31 AM

Fantastic footage. Like RtG, I too am inherently more comfortable with this patois, although to me it sounds like a dialect that originates from points east of Lerin or Kostur.

Soldier of Macedon 07-29-2009 11:11 AM

My thoughts also.

Daskalot 08-02-2009 02:31 AM

Happy Ilinden :macedonia

Enjoy!:rmacedonia

indigen 08-29-2009 11:44 PM

Exarchate opposed to Ilinden Uprising [Zlatna kniga - 100 godini VMRO]
 
....the politics of the Exarchate [Bulgarian] in Macedonia in regards to the Ilinden Uprising was negative and detrimental for the Macedonian national liberation movement.... [ Dr. Aleksandar Trajanovski: Zlatna Kniga -100 Godini VMRO.]

....Thus, the politics of the Exarchate in Macedonia around the time of the Ilinden Uprising had been negative and detrimental for the Macedonian national liberation movement. Committed to its long familiar methods of using the vehicle of education and religion for the gradual recast of Macedonians into Bulgarians, and with that to turn Macedonia into a Bulgarian country, as the best and surest means of incorporating of Macedonia within the borders of Great Bulgaria, the Exarch had been against any revolutionary activity of the Macedonians under his religious jurisdiction. The Exarch had been scared of a successful, as well as an unsuccessful uprising. The former he would dread and concludes: ...We need to bear in mind that in an autonomous Macedonia the survival of the Holy Bulgarian Exarchate would be called into question, even if it remains there as a religious institution. In any case the question will also arise about her name Bulgarian Exarchate, because as Bulgarian it can not be a base for the unification of the Srbomans and Grkomans, which is the basic aim of the Internals [VMRO (Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization)]. Thus, the Holy Bulgarian Exarchate will have to give up the holiest and to identify with another name, which will reflect the political government of autonomous Macedonia, in fact it will have to identify as Macedonian. We consider that this will not be the end of the transformation process.
Turkey herself, if she consents to an autonomous Macedonia, will insist that the religious question be solved along the same basis, in that way to end future encroachment of the neighbouring Balkan states, in the first place the Principality, as the most dangerous to her. In that situation, the road leads towards the renewal of the Ohrid Archbishopric, an idea [ideal] which since long ago has been circulating in the heads of some separatists, among whom there are bishops, such as the likes of former Skopje bishop the Reverend Theodosius... 1

Excerpts from the "Golden Book - 100 Years VMRO", published by GLAS (VOICE) of VMRO-DPMNE, Skopje, 1993. Author of section is Dr. Aleksandar Trajanovski, page 25.

1. Letter of Exarch to [Bulgarian] Minister of Foreign Affairs in Sofia, 14 April 1903. [Document No. 2438].


....Значи, политиката на Егзархијата во Македонија за време на Илинденското востание била негативна и штетна за македонското национално ослоботително движење. Доследни на своите познати методи за мирно и постепено преобразување на Македонците во Бугари, а со тоа и на Македонија во Бугарска земја, како најдобро и најсигурно средство за приклучувањето на Македонија во границите на Голема Бугарија, егзархот бил против секакво ревулуциерност на македонските егзархиски верници. Него го плашело едно успешно, но и неуспешно востание. Во врска со првото тој болно подвлекол: ....Треба да потсетиме и на тоа дека во една автономна Македонија опстанокот на Светата Бугарска егзархија би била доведена во прашанње, дури и да остани таму како верска институција. Секако ќе се наметне прашањето и за нејзиното име Бугарска егзархија, бидејќи како бугарска не може да биде база за обединување на србоманите и гркоманите, што е основна цел на внатрешните. Значи, Светата Бугарска егзархија ќе треба да се откаже од најсветото и да се именува со друго име, кое ќе соодветстува на политичката управа на автономна Македонија, односно ќе мора да се именува македонска. Сметаме дека и тоа не ќе биде крај во трансформираниот процес. Самата Турција, ако веќе се согласи со една автономна Македонија, ќе инсистира и црковното прашње да се реши на таа основа, како би го запрела понатамошното влијание на соседните балкански држави, во прв ред Кнежеството, како најопасно за неа. Во таков случај, патот води кон обнова на Охридскакта архиепископија, идеја што одамна се врти во главите на некои сеператисти, меѓу кои има и владици, од типот на поранешниот скопски Г. Теодосиј... 1

Извадоци од книгата Златна Книга -100 Години ВМРО, Издавач е ГЛАС на ВМРО-ДПМНЕ, Скопје 1993. Страница 25, пишува Д-р Александар Трајановски.

1. Егзархот до министерот за надворешни работи во Софија, бр. 2438 од 14 април 1903 година.

------------------------------------

...Во таков случај, патот води кон обнова на Охридскакта архиепископија, идеја што одамна се врти во главите на некои сеператисти, меѓу кои има и владици, од типот на поранешниот скопски Г. Теодосиј...

Егзархот до министерот за надворешни работи во Софија од 14 април 1903 година.


------------------------------------

June 22, 1891, Skopje
Theodosius, Metropolitan of Skopje, to Archimandrite Dionysius in Sofia.

...our Holy Exarchate headed by His Holiness Exarch Joseph I does everything possible to persuade the wretched Macedonian people that it has good intentions, that it cares for their present and future and that it wants to draw them out of the darkness of national unawareness and create holy Bulgarians of them. But I would not have to persuade you too long, my dearest brother in Christ, that our Holy Exarchate, with its religious and educational activity here, in Macedonia, in fact carries out a most miserable task, it deprives a people of its name and replaces it with another, it deprives them of their mother tongue and replaces it with another, alien one, in order to allow its government and its Bulgarian masters to extend their commerce to foreign territories, too. And what else would you call this, my dear brother, other then a new slavery, even more terrible then the Turkish one? The Turks take the property and the lives of the people, but do not encroach upon their spirit. They destroy the body but respect the soul. And our Holy Exarchate kills the latter, the perpetual...

I have written this to you, so that you would not be amazed by my previous letter in which I stated my opinion that we clergyman, Macedonians in origin, should unite and urge our people to awaken, throw off foreign authority, throw off even the Patriarchate and the Exarchate, and spiritually unified under the wing of the Archbishopric of Ohrid, their only true Mother Church. Is it not high time to put an end to the national movements of a single people among which some recognize the Patriarchate, some the Exarchate and some even bow to Mohammed? Is it not high time to put an end to hatred between blood brothers? And how could this be achieved if not by the way of our national Church , by way of the Archbishopric of Ohrid? I shall be sincere, my dear brother in Christ, and shall openly declare to you: we, the Macedonians, to not suffer as much by the Turks, long live our Padishah, as by the Greeks, the Bulgarians and the Serbs, who have set upon us like vultures upon a carcass in this tortured land and want to split it up. (And they parted Your garments, Jesus)........Theodosius of Skopje

Centralen Drzhaven istoricheski archiv (Sofia) 176, op.1. arh.ed. 595, l.5-42 - Razgledi, X/8 (1968), p.996-1000.

---------------------------

A letter from P.R. Slaveykov to the Bulgarian Exarch: Your Grace, I arrived in Salonika on the evening of the 14th of last month (January 1874). ...........Mr. Kuzman Shapkarev from Ohrid, who is well known to us, has done a great deal to spread the idea of the restoration of the Archbishopric of Ohrid; he constantly travels between Kukish and Ohrid and v.v., but at whose expense, I do not know.

....................

A letter from P.R. Slaveykov to the Bulgarian Exarch: Your Grace, I arrived in Salonika on the evening of the 14th of last month (January 1874). I immediately went to meet all the important local people and some others from the other Macedonian towns. My aim was to gather information as son as possible on what was to be necessary for the success of the mission with which you had entrusted me. I first met Father Averkij Zografski, and the following day Father Petar Dimitrov as well, the local president of the community. I may inform you, Your Grace, that the wind from here, from Salonika, blows and scatters to all sides. These two clergyman, to my mind, are the leaders of the movement for the restoration of the Archbishopric of Ohrid, although one should not neglect Ohrid and to certain extent Bitola, Veles and Skopje either. The Uniate movement here is not without roots, as they think in Constantinopole, especially His Grace, Count Ignatiev. During the time I have been in Macedonia I have ascertained the same we had formerly known and written three years ago. Now, as then or twenty years ago, we are dealing with the Macedonian question. In talks with few Macedonian patriots I have understood that this movement, which had been only bare words till a few years ago, is now clear and precise thought - The Macedonians are not Bulgarians and they persistently strive, regardless of the price, to obtain a separate church of their own.

They also have the support in their separatism of some high clergyman in Constantinopole, especially His Grace Nathaniel Ohridski, Panariot Plovdivski, and Archimandrite Hariton Karpuzov. I have understood this month from reliable sources that there are letters which arrive every day from Constantinopole to the Salonika community, and are then sent to the other communities in the provinces. The letters are written in this spirit. One such letter, which the Salonika community sent to the community of Voden, calls upon the inhabitants of Voden to break off all their relations with the Exarchate until the Macedonian Church question is settled, because now is the moment. Mr. Kuzman Shapkarev from Ohrid, who is well known to us, has done a great deal to spread the idea of the restoration of the Archbishopric of Ohrid; he constantly travels between Kukish and Ohrid and v.v., but at whose expense, I do not know. Mr. Dimitar Makedonski, the Macedonian textbook writer, is no less active, receiving salary as a teacher from the Exarchate and from local Lazarists.

...........................

This shows not only that Shapkarev was an important activist for the an Macedonian Autocephalous Church but it also shows who were Macedonians in the 19th C.

---------------------

Risto the Great 08-30-2009 01:58 AM

Clearly everyone knew what significance the revival of the Ohrid Archbishopric would have had and the opposition it would have created against the Bulgarian church.

Thanks Indigen.

Rogi 08-30-2009 11:03 AM

Zlatnata Kinga "100 Godini VMRO" was a project organised, and funded, mainly by the Macedonians in Melbourne, and solely by the Macedonians in Australia. In particular, the VMRO-DPMNE committee's in every Australian state capital, a couple of churches, and a number of individuals.

It's content was written and contributed to, by Dr. Aleksandar Trajanovski, Dr. Mihajlo Minovski, Dr. Aleksandar Apostolov, Dr. Darinka Pacemska-Petreska, Mr. Zoran Todorovski, Dr. Galena Kuculovska and Ljupco Georgievski.

Though he's not mentioned in the book, another person who was crucial to the realisation of this book was Boris Zmejkovski.

It is a very interesting read. I intend to scan and/or type up the whole thing and have it up on Google Books (and then also available via Google Translation to English).

[IMG]http://www.macedoniancommunity.com/repository/zlatnakniga1.jpg[/IMG]

[IMG]http://www.macedoniancommunity.com/repository/zlatnakniga2.jpg[/IMG]

[IMG]http://www.macedoniancommunity.com/repository/zlatnakniga3.jpg[/IMG]

Pelister 11-11-2009 10:42 PM

Macedonians fighting for recognition of their own Church.

[quote] In that situation, the road leads towards the renewal of the Ohrid Archbishopric, [B]an idea [ideal] which since long ago has been circulating in the heads of some “separatists”, [/B]among whom there are bishops, such as the likes of former Skopje bishop the Reverend Theodosius...” [/quote]

( Excerpts from the "Golden Book - 100 Years VMRO", published by GLAS (VOICE) of VMRO-DPMNE, Skopje, 1993. Author of section is Dr. Aleksandar Trajanovski, page 25 )

Big Bad Sven 01-21-2010 10:47 AM

Jews in the Ilinden Uprising fighting for Macedonia
 
The most famous jew who was in VMRO was KAMHI RAPHAEL.

Apparently he was very close to Goce Delcev and other revolutionaries.


KAMHI RAPHAEL
( revolutionary )

Kamhi RafaelKamhi, Raphael M. (1870-1970), known under his nickname, the voivode Skender beg, represents an important personality in the Macedonian revolutionary movement in which he left traces with his active participation in the organization and in the fighting actions of Macedonian people, donator for opening schools and supplier of TMORO with weapons. He was a well-known intellectual who assisted the orphanage of Bitola's parentless children. He was a Macedonian Jew from Bitola, and a well-known activist of VMRO, who took part in TMORO Foundation congress in 1896. R.Kamhi was a participant in Solun and in the ransom negotiation for the kidnapped Miss Stone, aa well as a participant in the Ilinden rebellion, engaged in building a secret weapon storehouse (together with Dame Gruev) in Bitola for the needs of VMRO (1894), and a person who was responsible for the finances of the organization. He was born in Bitola in a Jewish family and was educated in a Jewish school. CK of TMORO was situated in Solun in the house of Raphael Kamhi. In 1896 R.Kamhi took part in the first congress of TMORO in Solun as a special courier and connection between CK and the organization. He was discovered and prosecuted by the Turkish authorities and even imprisoned, but with the help of bribe he was liberated and able to move freely in Bitola, Resen, Kostur and other places. In the period of the

Ilinden rebellion he actively participated in the first lines. After the rebellion he went to Bulgaria, where he met important people such as: the prince Ferdinand whom he expressed his disappointment about Bulgarian interference in the Macedonian liberation. He participated at Rila's congress of VMRO (1905) where he opposed A.Protogerov and T.Aleksandrov points of view. During the Balkan wars and the First World War Kamhi was on the side of the people and the organization. Even in the period of Serbian occupation he was fighting for Macedonian liberation. Then the Second World started. The Bulgarian occupation came. In 1943 Kamhi was imprisoned, but thanks to Bulgaria he was liberated and he moved from Bitola to Sofia. In 1950 he went to Israel where he stayed till the end of his life in Tel Aviv. He died in 1970 at the age of 100. His memories regarding his rich revolutionary life and his companionship with Dame Gruev, Goce Delcev, Gorce Petrov and others,as well as his manuscripts were sent to INI Skopje. He found the motto "the liberty must be the act of the all conquered people" an important power that should inspire people to action. He wrote a book "Memories", source oral sayings and documents (published in Sofia in 2000). He was a confident friend of Delcev which fact can be supported by Goce's present in Bitola and his spending a night in his house (November 1901).

[url]http://www.bitolatourist.info/about/licnosti/kamhi_rafael.html[/url]

Risto the Great 01-21-2010 05:24 PM

Isn't that interesting. Makes you wonder about the Jews of Solun, they would have been far better friends to Macedonians than the former Turkish Nationals that stole their land.

Prolet 01-21-2010 08:11 PM

Not a whole lot has been documented about the Jews in the Ilinden Uprising.

Good find BBS

TrueMacedonian 01-24-2010 04:06 PM

According to John Shea's book 'Macedonia and Greece' he writes on page 168;

[QUOTE]Given the presence of at least one Jewish revolutionary (Julius Rosenberg) amongst prominent Ilinden heroes, it would seem that membership was expanded even further at some point in time.[/QUOTE]

Soldier of Macedon 01-24-2010 07:48 PM

What an interesting topic, it's nice to have some corroboration behind the suggestion that Jews helped the Macedonians of VMRO.

Makedonetz 05-03-2010 06:32 PM

Kruevo / Крушево
 
Kruevo (Macedonian: Крушево, Aromanian: Crushuva) is a town in the Republic of Macedonia. It is the highest town in Macedonia, situated at an altitude of over 4,000 feet (1250 m) above sea level. The town of Kruevo is the seat of Kruevo municipality.

History

Mentioned in documents from the 15th century, Kruevo is a living museum, famous for its traditional architecture, cultural sites, and legacy as the site of the great 1903 Ilinden uprising against Ottoman domination. The rebellion failed, but its memory is cherished in Macedonia even today, as a symbol of the national struggle for freedom and democracy; while it lasted only 10 days, the Kruevo Republic of revolutionary leader Nikola Karev represented a desire for self-rule under a modern European political system. Today an enormous monument on the hill above Kruevo marks the elusive dream of the Ilinden revolutionaries.

During the Ilinden Uprising in 1903 the rebels proclaimed a short lived Kruevo Republic. Having suppressed the uprising the city was almost completely destroyed by the Ottoman army.The republic known as Kruevska republika was established here in 1903 during the Ilinden insurrection. One of the most important points in the Ilinden uprising was the declaration of the "Manifesto of Kruevo". It called for all the people of Macedonia regardless of their nationality and religion to fight together against the Ottoman Empire and live peacefully in a free country of Macedonia. Most of the heads and soldiers of Ilinden were pure Aromanians/Armans.

There is in the area a monument called Mečkin Kamen (Bear's Stone). This was the place where the Aromanian Pitu Guli and his band (cheta) was trying to defend the town of Kruevo from the Turkish troops coming from Bitola. The whole band and their leader (voivode) perished and Kruevo as well as many of the nearby villages were set to fire by the Ottomans.

[img]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Krusevo_1903.jpg[/img]
Postcard with picture from Krushevo - 1903
Kruevo is a picturesque mountain town. Situated at an altitude of 1,350 metres (4,400 ft), Kruevo is the highest town in the Republic of Macedonia. Kruevo is known for its many fine examples of 19th century domestic architecture. The town is full of old and more recent houses built in the style of old Aromanian architecture. The town was founded by Macedonians in the 15. century. The cultural and economic uprising of the town faced when Aromanians from Epirus in particular from Moscopolis arrived there in the 18. century. Today we have the highest concentration of Aromanians/Armans in Macedonia in Krusevo.

It is home to Mečkin Kamen, an historical landmark which marks the spot of the uprising of 1903. On 2 August every year, it is the site of the traditional Macedonian Independence Day celebrations, which are attended by the President of Macedonia and other Macedonian political leaders.Kruevo also hosts the Makedonium monument to the Ilinden Uprising and a number of museums of the Ilinden Uprising.The towns galleries include an exhibit of 19th century icons and a memorial to the master of modern Aromanian painting Nikola Martinovski who was born in this town.Because of its elevation, Kruevo is one of
Macedonias winter sports destinations; the same quality also makes this pine-forested getaway a comfortable destination in summer, when the Kruevo air stays cooler and more pure than in the arid lowlands.

Notable people

Pitu Guli, Aromanian revolutionary, one of the most important Aromanian heroes

Toe Proeski, famous Aromanian singer [url]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tose_Proeski[/url] (R.I.P) :rmacedonia

Nikola Martinovski,Aromanian painter


Panorama Krusevo
[imghttp://www.cincarnet.com/krusevo.jpg[/img]


[url=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V_XyXSHjAEs&feature=related]YouTube - Krusevska republika | Крушевска република[/url]

Prolet 05-03-2010 08:56 PM

[img]http://www.cincarnet.com/krusevo.jpg[/img]

Makedonetz 05-03-2010 08:57 PM

Spolji Ti Prolet :)

Mastika 05-04-2010 12:18 AM

Krusevo is, in my opinion, the most picturesque town in Macedonia. For those who havent been I definately recommend a visit there. The scenery leading into the town is very nice and the view is great from the top of the town looking down onto the houses and the rest of the area. More could be done however for the people, the architecture and for the protection of the Aromanian language/culture.

Bill77 05-04-2010 12:24 AM

[QUOTE=Mastika;50977] More could be done however for the people, the architecture and for the protection of the Aromanian language/culture.[/QUOTE]Protect? Who or what is the cause of this danger for the Aromanian language/culture

Prolet 05-04-2010 12:27 AM

Bill, Whats your opinion of Krushevo?


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