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Carlin 04-25-2017 08:53 PM

[QUOTE=Amphipolis;167966](Answering some of my questions myself)

(Not sure how but) William Miller believes the Slavs were two distincts groups located as follows:

-Ezerites at Elos (this is at the Laconian Gulf between the middle and right finger of Peloponnese)

-Melingi at Taygetos Mountain (this mountain covers the middle finger of Peloponnese).[/QUOTE]


Carlin 04-25-2017 09:00 PM

- Akropolites' use of [I]Rhomaioi[/I] (and.. [I]'Latins' for 'Lakonians'[/I]?)


- Slavs of Skorta ([I]blue circled area in the map below[/I])







tchaiku 04-26-2017 11:28 AM

[QUOTE=Carlin;167923]What was the scale and impact of Roman colonization and immigration into Peloponnese & Greece? I am usually told, and hear, that the impact was minimal and that the number of colonists was not large (and that those who arrived were almost immediately hellenized).

[I][B]Processes of Cultural Change and Integration in the Roman World[/B][/I]

Page 154: This paper presents the results of such context-specific case study. It focuses on the city of [B]Patras[/B], which was [B]colonized by Augustus in 14 B.C[/B]. [B]Colonization entailed a [U]massive influx of foreigners[/U] into the city[/B], among them [B]a large number of Roman army veterans.[/B]

Page 156: The [B]colonization[/B] of Patras took place in the context of the reorganization of Greece that was s[B]tarted by Caesar and continued by Augustus[/B].

Page 158: The settlement of veterans from Antony's legions after the battle of Actium must have posed a serious problem for Augustus, since, according to some estimations, [B]there were about [U]35,000[/U] veterans[/B] who had to be accommodated; [B]Patras was just one destination[/B] for the veterans. ...... [B]A third wave of immigration[/B] has been suggested by Keppie and Rizakis ........ The process of [B]large-scale immigration[/B] entailed major disruptions to local society. In the case of Patras the act of [B]colonization and the immigration of thousands of colonists[/B] led to a radical overthrow of the established order of things.

Who were then the medieval [I]Romaioi[/I] and [I]Tsacones[/I] of Peloponnese?[/QUOTE]

Many of those Medival Romans in Byzantine Empire were indeed ancient Hellenes, but I wonder how much did Roman conquest affect Greece?

tchaiku 04-26-2017 11:41 AM


Carlin 04-26-2017 12:41 PM

[QUOTE=tchaiku;167984]Many of those Medival Romans in Byzantine Empire were indeed ancient Hellenes, but I wonder how much did Roman conquest affect Greece?[/QUOTE]

Based on which sources do you base this belief on?

We have just read that up to 35,000 Roman veterans were settled in (southern) Greece, as well as having several waves of large-scale immigration into ([U]only[/U]) Corinth and Patras.

Furthermore, Justinian established Castle of Maina/[B]Mani[/B] and settled it with [B]Roman colonists[/B] from elsewhere. (I do not have the source handy.)

Let's not forget that - for want of Hellenes - 'Kapheroi, Thrakesians, Armenians, and others from different places and cities' were settled in Peloponnesos in the early ninth century.

Moreover, did we not already read (several times) the following:

- "And now most of Epirus and Hellas and Peloponnesus and Macedonia are inhabited by 'Scythi-Slavs'."
- And for [U]Western Peloponnese[/U] in particular: "And now not even the names of the Pisatans, the Caucones or the Pylians survive. All these regions are inhabited by 'Scythians'".

There were also minor settlements of Christian Orthodox Seljuk Turk "Romaioi" in the Peloponnesos as well (sometime during/after the 13th century).

tchaiku 04-26-2017 12:54 PM

I meant ... before slavic migration. The Roman conquest and assimilation of Ancient Hellenes into Christian Romans but what I meant is that when Christianization took over, how many of those Pagans were Latin colonies or native Hellenes. You get me ...

Carlin 04-26-2017 06:48 PM

[QUOTE=tchaiku;167988]I meant ... before slavic migration. The Roman conquest and assimilation of Ancient Hellenes into Christian Romans but what I meant is that when Christianization took over, how many of those Pagans were Latin colonies or native Hellenes. You get me ...[/QUOTE]

Ok, got it.

Before the Slavic migrations, I am sure there were some native Hellenes. However, let's not forget also that there were numerous incursions into the Balkans and Greece even earlier - and after the Roman conquest of Greece. One of the most devastating attacks was carried out by the Goths, in 3rd century AD.

The following is the same as my post #235 in this same thread:

Citations are from Edward Gibbon's "The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire". What was the extent of the Gothic invasion? Was it 'significant' or 'minor'? Interestingly, Gibbon himself states that troops of [U]Greek deserters and fugitive slaves[/U], which joined the Goths, were themselves [U]of German or Sarmatian[/U] (likely Slavic) extraction. How many Germans and Sarmatians were living in Greece at the time of the Gothic attack is impossible to determine.


- [I]At length the Gothic fleet anchored in the port of Piraeus, five miles distant from Athens, which had attempted to make some preparations for a vigorous defence. Cleodamus, one of the engineers employed by the emperor's orders to fortify the maritime cities against the Goths, had already begun to repair the ancient walls, fallen to decay since the time of Scylla. The efforts of his skill were ineffectual, and [B]the barbarians became masters of the native seat of the muses and the arts[/B]. But while the conquerors abandoned themselves to the license of plunder and intemperance, their fleet, that lay with a slender guard in the harbor of Piraeus, was unexpectedly attacked by the brave Dexippus, who, flying with the engineer Cleodamus from the sack of Athens, collected a hasty band of volunteers, peasants as well as soldiers, and in some measure avenged the calamities of his country.[/I]

- [I]But this exploit, whatever lustre it might shed on the declining age of Athens, served rather to irritate than to subdue the undaunted spirit of the northern invaders. [B]A [U]general conflagration blazed out[/U] at the same time in every district of Greece. Thebes and Argos, Corinth and Sparta, which had formerly waged such memorable wars against each other, were now [U]unable[/U] to bring an army into the field, or even to defend their ruined fortifications.[/B] [B][U]The rage of war[/U], both by land and by sea, [U]spread from the eastern point of Sunium to the western coast of Epirus[/U]. [/B]The Goths had already advanced within sight of Italy, when the approach of such imminent danger awakened the indolent Gallienus from his dream of pleasure.[/I]

[I]- But as their numbers were gradually wasted by the sword, by shipwrecks, and by the influence of a warm climate, they were perpetually renewed by troops of banditti and deserters, who flocked to the standard of plunder, and by a crowd of fugitive slaves, [B]often of German or Sarmatian extraction[/B], who eagerly seized the glorious opportunity of freedom and revenge.

Amphipolis 04-26-2017 07:51 PM

[QUOTE=Carlin;167945][ Note that the Italians called the Byzantine Arberesh [B]Greci[/B]? So, WHO are then the Greci / Greeks? Isn't this a contradiction? :) ][/QUOTE]

The only reason that the Italians called these people Greek (Arberesh were Christian Albanians who escaped Ottoman Empire and moved to Italy) is because they were Greek-Orthodox. They were also (linguistically) Hellenized, for instance the Bilbe hadn't been translated in Albanian at that time.

Amphipolis 04-26-2017 08:19 PM

1. The Venetian documents mention Albanians in Tzaconia.
2. The Mardaites inhabited the territory of Monemvasia, or modern Tzaconia.
3. Like 'Mardaite', the word 'Tzacon' did not mean a [I]people[/I], but a category of [I]soldiers[/I].
4. According to historian Sathas: the [I]ancient Tzaconians[/I] belong to [B]Albanian[/B] sailors of Kranidi, Hydra.
5. Philippson admits that Slavic colonies existed in Vatika also, that is to say south of the fortress of Tzaconia and close to Monemvasia. Some Slavic place names reinforce this supposition.
6. As per Chalkokondyles and geographer Meletios, the regions of Taygetos, land of Laconia, and promontory of Tenaron were long inhabited by Romani (that is, Vlachs / Armanoi).
7. The Vlachs / Armanoi have been variously called by different writers and in different places by a variety of names: Maniati, [B]Laconi[/B], Bui, Megalovlahiti, Dasareti, Meteori, etc.
8. Stam. C. Caratzas states that "Two indications argue for the existence of a relationship between Tzacones and Vlachs in popular poetry."
9. Per author F. Curta, the "Tzakonians" appear to have been settled in the Peloponnesus in the course of the ninth and tenth century. The viewpoint that the Tzakonians were settled in the Peloponnesus, from elsewhere, is also supported and shared by the author Stamatis C. Caratzas. There exists a legend which states that Tzakonians originate from Macedonia, namely from the area of Chalkidiki peninsula - and specifically, from the vicinity of Mount Athos district (Holy Mountain).
10. Evliya Tchelebi compares the physical features of the inhabitants of Tzaconia between Molai and Monemvasia, to those of Tatar-Kalmyks.
11. Investigator Katsanis: "The Tsakonian was influenced without doubt by the Aromanian tongue."
12. In village Geraki of Laconia the words ‘κρούσκος/krouskos=relation by marriage’ and ‘τάτας/tatas=father’ correspond to Aromanian ‘cúscru’ and ‘táta’. ‘Γκάλμπινος/galmpinos/ in Greek idioms of the Peloponnese and Epirus means 'blond’, ‘pale yellow’, ‘sallow’, ‘gook’, while ‘galbinu’ is the ‘yellow’ in Aromanian."
13. In the petition of Monembasiotes (1527), the nearby residents of Monemvasia are named Vlachs (Βλάχοι).

Not sure where to start, I numbered the above points:

1. At some point, Albanians DO live at the area that is called Tzaconia. That doesn’t mean the two groups are one, they were never confused.

2. Really? When? Were these Mardaites Albanians?

3. Not after a while, as we can see. Everyone (for some reason) doesn’t avoid to single them out as a distinct linguistic group, not a social one.

4. LOL, I didn’t know Tzaconians or Albanians were ancient. What does this phrase mean? We want to know more.

5. Slavs existing at the south of Tzaconia, there’s no problem with that, I can’t see your point. As seen in Mazaris, Tzaconians can’t be confused with Slavs. Also, they still exist today (unlike Slavs) and we can study their language.

6. Yes, but that is not in Tzaconia. I understand you lost these Vlachs and you can’t find them anywhere. Also, it’s clear that these Vlachs had just arrived, they were not there during Mazaris work, were they already lost during Celebi’s travels?

7. No, no, no. That’s totally wrong and should be further discussed, investigated. Maniotes or Laconians/Tzaconians were not Vlachs.

8. This could be the fuzziest statement ever. Why do you keep repeating it since it means nothing? Which are these indications?

9. Mount Athos doesn’t have people, it is only restricted to monks.

10. There’s a bit of a problem, that these areas are not inhabited by Tzaconians at the moment (remember? You had busted our balls about that) but we certainly want to know more about this passage anyway. I’m very interested in Celebi.

11. LOL, Is it without doubt because of the …

12. … huge linguistic connection presented here?

13. Not sure what this means, but I’d like to see it again. So when are the Vlach traces finally lost?


Amphipolis 04-26-2017 08:28 PM

The full translation of the highlighted text is:
It is forbidden to the Venetians and subjects of the Republic to transport salt ... from Glarenza/Clarence and elsewhere to [B]Tzaconia or Sclavonia[/B].[/I][/QUOTE]

So this refers to two places or one with two alternate names? Are there other sources mentioning this Venetian Sclavonia?

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