The Macedonian Digest
“From the readers for the readers”
Edition 66 – June 2011
Our Name is Macedonia
It’s official, Stamkos is a stud
Kevin McGran Sports Reporter
At first, Steve Stamkos thought it was a joke. Then he was almost embarrassed.
But the Markham native is officially a stud — named one of the 25 fittest men in the world by Men’s Health magazine.
“It’s pretty cool,” said Stamkos, almost shy talking about it. “I think Steve Downie is the only one who knows, I’m going to try to keep it that way.”
Too late. It’s in the June-July issue scheduled that will hit news stands May 9. He’s mixing with some pretty cut company, like soccer’s David Beckham, basketball’s LeBron James and some of Hollywood’s finest like Chris Pine, Liam Neeson and Michael Fassbender.
“It’s really something seeing your name with A-list celebrities and some great athletes,” said Stamkos.
At 21, he’s the youngest on the list and only hockey player. As humble as he is about such public recognition of his abs, it is a testament, not only to Stamkos’ commitment to working out, but how hockey has evolved over time.
“Let’s just say we had ashtrays in our stalls,” said retired star Dave Andreychuk, recalling his first year in the NHL — 1982 — with the Buffalo Sabres. “There was not a lot of hard bodies in that room.”
Andreychuk said few players would even go on a bike after a game, now a routine across the league. If one did, he might even be chided by a teammate for holding everybody up.
“In the early ’80s, guys got into shape in camp. Now it’s a full-time job. The game has definitely changed that way,” added Andreychuk. “These guys have their own nutritionists, their own trainers. I think you’re going to see players last longer because of their physical condition.”
Of course, there’s a lot more money at stake in the NHL now than the 1980s. Stamkos credits ex-Leaf Gary Roberts with instilling in him the workout ethic that has given him the stamina to reach such heights at such a young age. Roberts also helps train Carolina rookie Jeff Skinner and was hired to run a program for the Dallas Stars.
Roberts says the fitness message is often lost on young athletes, but Stamkos heard it loud and clear.
“When you’re a young guy and you’re in your best years to develop physically, take advantage of it,” said Roberts. “What you can do to give yourself the edge is take care of yourself, change your lifestyle, eat healthy, and that will give you an edge.
“That’s the only edge left — the lifestyle choices you make that give you a chance for longevity in the NHL. You can fool people for a few years, till maybe 27, but when you’re closing in on 30 and you’re not making the right lifestyle choices, the game is just too fast.”
UNL student, LPS teacher to teach in Macedonia
http://journalstar.com/news/local/educa ... 5adc1.html
Jennifer Birdsall's passion for teaching those who struggle with the English language soon will span two continents.
The University of Nebraska-Lincoln graduate student and Lincoln Public Schools elementary teacher won a Fulbright scholarship that she will use to teach English in Macedonia . Now, she teaches K-5 students with behavioral disorders, including some English Language Learners, at Holmes Elementary.
"I think the smaller we can make our world, the better we are as individuals," Birdsall said. "I can't really think of a better way to do that than to be a teacher in another country and come back and share those experiences with my students."
Birdsall, who grew up in Lincoln , expects to graduate from UNL with a master's degree in educational administration this summer and will go to Macedonia in October. She has never studied abroad or visited Macedonia , a land-locked country north of Greece , but said she was drawn to the country through research.
"The people and the culture intrigue me and have sparked a passion to want to know more," she said. "I want to go there and be immersed in all that Macedonia has to offer."
Birdsall plans to create an electronic pen-pal program between American and Macedonian students. She will use email, Facebook, YouTube, Skype and Twitter to give the students a chance to connect. The project would let them see how kids their age live in another country.
"Part of my job as an English teaching assistant is to introduce American culture and ways of life," she said. "I decided that the best way to learn about America is to see it."
Birdsall's experience in Macedonia also will benefit her students in Lincoln . Laura Damuth, UNL undergraduate studies fellowship adviser, said Birdsall has a lot to offer Macedonian and American students as an established teacher.
"I think she has a lot going for her," Damuth said. " Macedonia was very interested in having someone with that experience come in. She was a professional already in the realm of teaching."
Birdsall has been a teacher for six years and has worked with a wide range of students.
"Through my short time as an educator I have had experiences with students from different cultures and experiences, levels and abilities, and I have learned to build relationships with all of these students," she said.
When she gets back from Macedonia , Birdsall plans to continue teaching and hopes to be an administrator one day. Her passion for teaching is based on the idea that sharing knowledge is rewarding.
"With teaching, you not only get to help others to obtain knowledge, but you learn every day as well," she said. "There is no other feeling comparable to that of inspiring others to learn."
Not another BIG Greek Lie?
By Dragan Kljakic, printed “Globus”, Zagreb
Translated from Serbian into English by Marina Kovincic
The journalist Pulos reminds readers that "Times" printed in May 1948 concerning the situation in Greece it was possible to be solved by certain diplomatic measures. Instead, it came to a clash between international workers movements, the resolution of the international Communist organizations, the forum “Cominform” against the Yugoslav Communist party. When Stalin realized that he could not overthrow Yugoslavia and her government, it was established, writes Pulos, to plan for autonomy of Macedonia to create an independent Macedonian state to oppose the Yugoslav established Federal Republic of Macedonia. The aim was to overthrow Tito’s Yugoslav Federal government, as a whole. Stalin expected to make a change with his explosive plan or to have a revolution within the Communist party in Yugoslavia , with help from Greek partisans. But, on the contrary the clash between the Greek Partisans, DSE and Tito’s army did not take place. In reality all Stalin’s plans proved catastrophic for the Greek Democratic Army. Fighting against the royalist and the Anglo-Americans supporting them. Stalin’s plans proved disastrous for the Greek Democratic army, which at the time had the upper hand in the fight with the government in Athens , the insurgents controlling a large territory in Greece . Stalin’s plan of an autonomous Macedonia was in fact a plan to involve Greek partisans against Yugoslavia . "That plan, said Pulos, "was betrayal of the Greek left wing or destroying the Greek people's guerrillas." Pulos also said that Stalin couldn't afford any change of the original plans and that General Markos, who was against this plan of an autonomous Macedonia , tried to stay outside of the clash between the USSR and Yugoslavia and he disappeared in 1949. (It was thought for a long time, even in 1957, that General Markos was killed in 1949 at the border with Albania.) "Stalin's plans that Greek freedom fighters be involved in a campaign against Yugoslavia, was part of an "autonomous Macedonia" was forcibly implemented into the Greek Communist party", said Pulos, and it was all part of his own plans and interest to use the Greek people for his personal gains.
In a final battle against Yugoslavia it was important to "act" against, and target some "key" people, “agents” of that next door neighbour country ( Yugoslavia ), who is against the democratic army of Greece . Zaharidis named all those people involved and accused them in public, counting on, it is better to accuse than be accused.
When the rest of the Democratic army went across the border to Gramos over the Albanian border, into a Bureli camp, the general secretary of the Greek Communist Party Nikos Zahariadis, on 2nd of October 1949 called a conference. There he "spilled" all his anger onto the highest ranking Macedonian people of the Main Board of the People's Liberation Front group, the main "troublemakers".
"Because of those opportunists and enemies like Mitrevski, Nikola, Fotev, Rakovski and others, we, as comrades lost a battle! Those, we have to blame, who organized people to leave the front and stop fighting and spoiled all our plans of fighting tactics. Those enemies, the enemies of the working class people; we have to get rid of from our surroundings! Death to them!"
Based on the patterns of monstrous Stalinist's processes, like Laslo Rajk from Budapest , it was made a "Greek-Macedonian" version of prosecution of "people's enemies". They had to pay for betrayal and defeat of the Greek uprising, namely the defeat of DSE, The Greek Democratic Army. Those who were blamed were partisans, officials and skilful activists from Egejska Macedonia .
1. Paskal Mitrevski, President of the Main Council of the People's Liberation Front and a minister in the newly proclaimed Provisional Democratic Government, of the democratic party of Greece .
2. Jevdokia Foteva (Vera Nikolova), Vice President of the Main Council People's Liberation Front, secretary of the Main Board of Antifascist council of women and Vice president of the All Greek Democratic party for women.
3. Mihali Malio, secretary of the Main Board of the People's Liberation Front.
4. Minco Fotev, member of the Main Board of the People's Liberation Front and member of the Executive committee of the Main Board of the People's Liberation Front.
5. Tasko Hadzijanev, member of the Main Board of the People's Liberation Front.
6. Lazar Poplazarov, member of the Main Board of the People's Liberation Front and member of the Executive Committee of the artillery division.
7. Lambro, Colakov, candidate for member of the Main Board of the People's Liberation Front.
8. Uranija Jurikova, member of the Executive committee of the Main Board of the People's Liberation Front.
9. Pavle Rakovski, member of the Main Board of the People's Liberation Front.
10. Hristo Kolencev Kokinos, member of the Main Board of the People's Liberation Front and president of NOF for the Florinski council.
Those were arrested at the annual conference and imprisoned in solitary confinement from 14 October till 14th December 1949 .
They were transferred by ship, called "Micurin", and after a few terrible and painful days, they arrived on 23rd December 1949 in Odessa .
"In Odessa we were very cold", said Jevdokija Foteva and Minco Fotev. "In jail we stayed until January 1950. Then from Odessa , we were transferred to Kiev . We lived in wagons, with specially equipped bars, until further relocation by railway..."
One night they arrived in Moscow . One by one the imprisoned ones were separated and kept in places where only animals could live. Finally they were placed into a famous jail in Lubjanka. Apart from Paskal Mitresvki, all of them were in Lubjanka or Lefortovo. They were together with other "political" prisoners and "war" criminals, and with them also were other enemies of the people".
“I lived in a dark and moldy jail room, sixteen feet long and eight feet wide" remembered Jevdokija Foteva. "It had a cast iron door with a little window from which the prison guard was constantly monitored. He only said 'Pojdjom'- going or 'Nelzja'– can't. It was forbidden to talk, laugh, cry, yell, or make any kind of sound. We were only allowed to talk when we were asked by the warden of the prison."
"Confess”, Fotev, that you are guilty, that you are traitor and agent", said the investigator. Mincu, "confess in front of the Deputy Prosecutor of the Supreme Military Court , Obrascovom! Confess immediately and you will feel better! Your destiny is in your hands!"
"I don't have anything to confess," Jevdokija and Minco answered every time. After sixteen months of constant interrogation, (about 1600 text pages), the Supreme Military Court decided on 19th of April, 1949, that the accused would serve a consecutive sentence; of 10 years imprisonment and hard labour, in hard labour camps . Others were convicted to 5 years of hard labour.
"Such was the punishment handed out by the Military Court to the so-called: "counter-revolutionary saboteurs who worked for the international: ” Bourgeoisie….
Only Paskal Mitrevski, as a key person in the Main Board of The People's Liberation Front, was sentenced to 25 years and 5 years without any political rights.
Apart from this sentence in absentia, other Macedonian leaders were sentenced who formed the government of the Vardar Macedonian Federal Socialist Republic : Lazar Kolishevski, Nikola Mincev, Dimitar Aleksievsky, Cvetko Uzunovsky and others.
The prisoners were sent without any human rights up north, to Vorkuta, 40 km from the Arctic Ocean, where the average temperature was -50*C.
They dug in the coal mine eight hours daily. On a daily basis they commuted from the barracks. They lived in a frozen and very cold environment, without any heating.
The text above is an extract, pages: 207, 208, 209 from the book “General Markos”
This book was written after the amnesty to the communists in Greece , the return of Markos as a hero and his tour of the East European countries still under the Socialist yoke, about 1975.
Written by the Croatian writer Dragan Kliakic.
It shows amongst other things the betrayal of the Macedonian people by Stalin and afterwards by the Greek Communist party and Bulgaria . For a long time as illustrated above, the Greek communist party, persecuted “Macedonians”, calling them agents of Tito and traitors of Socialism, agents of imperialism, enemies of the people, death to these enemies. The Bulgarian alternative to the Macedonian solution was advertised. Only when all the Balkan countries became real socialists, would the Macedonians receive their ethnic rights. This thesis was explained by Dinu Kiosev in his book: “The struggle of the Macedonian People for Independence ”. This antagonism lasted until 1956, when Todor Zhivkov came to power and the Macedonian issue was swept under the carpet. Anybody who mentioned Macedonian people was locked in a loony house. Yugoslav Macedonia was treated as a Serbian Banovina and the word Macedonia was forbidden by Bulgarians and Greeks. As one Bulgarian Bolshevik explained to me in Perth :
“To claim Macedonian people means you provoke a third world war”.
I answered: Really?”
Then bring it forward straight away now. So it is comfortable for you to bury the Macedonian people and you live in peace? To hell with all of you criminals.
Mr. Cernev never spoke to me again. Some people are still hypnotized by the claim that if it was not for Tito’s betrayal, Macedonia would have been reunited in one whole independent country today.
Judge it for yourselves .Commentary by Samson Stanislavsky.
From the International Scene
Euro 'will be dead in five years'
05 Jun 2010
The euro will have broken up before the end of this Parliamentary term, according to the bulk of economists taking part in a wide-ranging economic survey for The Sunday Telegraph.
The single currency is in its death throes and may not survive in its current membership for a week, let alone the next five years, according to a selection of responses to the survey – the first major wide-ranging litmus test of economic opinion in the City since the election. The findings underline suspicions that the new Chancellor, George Osborne, will have to firefight a full-blown crisis in Britain 's biggest trading partner in his first years in office.
Of the 25 leading City economists who took part in the Telegraph survey, 12 predicted that the euro would not survive in its current form this Parliamentary term, compared with eight who suspected it would. Five declared themselves undecided. The finding is only one of a number of remarkable conclusions, including that:
• The economy will grow by well over a percentage point less next year than the Budget predicted in March.
• The Government will borrow almost £10bn less next year than the Treasury previously forecast, despite this weaker growth.
• Just as many economists think the Bank of England will not raise rates until 2012 or later as think it will lift borrowing costs this year.
But the conclusion on the euro is perhaps the most remarkable finding. A year ago or less, few within the City would have confidently predicted the currency's demise. But the travails of Greece , Spain and Portugal in recent weeks, plus German Chancellor Angela Merkel's acknowledgement that the currency is facing an "existential crisis", have radically shifted opinion.
Two of the eight experts who predicted that the currency would survive said it would do so only at the cost of seeing at least one of its members default on its sovereign debt. Andrew Lilico, chief economist at think tank Policy Exchange, said there was "nearly zero chance" of the euro surviving with its current membership, adding: "Greece will certainly default on its debts, and it is an open question whether Greece will experience some form of revolution or coup – I'd put the likelihood of that over the next five years as around one in four."
Douglas McWilliams of the Centre for Economics and Business Research said the single currency "may not even survive the next week", while David Blanchflower, professor at Dartmouth College and former Bank of England policymaker, added: "The political implications [of euro disintegration] are likely to be far-reaching – Germans are opposed to paying for others and may well quit."
Four of the economists said that despite the wider suspicion that Greece or some of the weaker economies may be forced out of the currency, the most likely country to leave would be Germany .
Peter Warburton of consultancy Economic Perspectives said: "Possibly Germany will leave. Possibly other central and eastern European countries – plus Denmark – will have joined. Possibly, there will be a multi-tier membership of the EU and a mechanism for entering and leaving the single currency. I think the project will survive, but not in its current form."
Tim Congdon of International Monetary Research said: "The eurozone will lose three or four members e SEnDGreece , Portugal , maybe Ireland e_SEnD and could break up altogether because of the growing friction between France and Germany ."
The recent worries about the euro's fate followed the creation last month of a $1 trillion (£691bn) bail-out fund to prevent future collapses. Although the fund boosted confidence initially, investors abandoned the euro after politicians showed reluctance to support it wholeheartedly.
Thank you for your exploration of this subject. It is a very critical issue, how we behave in community. I have for many years participated in a group here where I live that works very hard to act mindfully for the good of all.
The Society of Friends, or Quakers, have a long history of respectful relations. They start from the premise that "there is something sacred in all people and that each person is a unique and precious child of God." With that premise they strive to practice patient, alert attention to what others say and do, and to search their own consciences for guidance on how to behave in relation to others.
Quakers are known for spending a lot of time in silent reflection during their meetings and for generally favoring peaceful resolution of conflict and giving much attention to healing the wounds after war. As a group they received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1948 for their work in organizing the feeding of refugees in Europe after World War Two. What they value most highly is fostering mutual respect based upon patient, honest, truth seeking. In this regard, they do have something to say to our Macedonian communities struggling to find their way in a world that seems filled with enemies and dangers.
Truth is that there really are people, as you suggest, who work to destroy their communities, and others who simply do great harm by serving their own immediate desire for power or wealth and the like, at the expense of the community good. Firm adherence to speaking the truth to others will do the most to avoid falling prey to their injurious behavior. And striving for a mutual respect is the only sensible long-term strategy. That would mean never succumbing to hatred of another people because of the harm they have done collectively to any other people. Never let them off the hook when it comes to pointing out what they have done, but always strive to respect their right to exist and offer them the opportunity to grow in wisdom. Greeks, as a community, have done harm to their Macedonian neighbors that require acknowledgement and restitution.
At the same time it does no good to declare them as a people to be the enemy. Their bad behavior deserves to be resisted in the same way we would resist any destructive force of nature. But we don't hate the wind because it sometimes reaches gale force and does damage. We try to protect ourselves against such events and we even try to figure out how to harness the wind power to serve our good. The court case at the present time before the International Court of Justice is one of the ways Macedonians can act for the good of both peoples. Let's get at the truth of the matter in a public trial. Macedonians are doing the Greeks as much of a favor as they are themselves by demanding this public hearing of the facts. War, and hostile propaganda, on the other hand, just feed everyone’s prejudices.
I want to strive as much as possible to find the path that leads to truth and justice, not victory over some perceived enemy. I favor some similar spirit to guide our community groups. I hope I haven't over-simplified too much or been too preachy, but I really don't see much hope for humanity in general without our putting much more effort into being patient and mindful in our relations with each other. Nobody really wins unless everybody is better off as a result.
Just some thoughts,
Best to you,
Altona 'Vardar' Magic Latest Victims of Greek Racists
VANDALS burnt an Australian flag, spray painted Nazi Swastikas onto and dug grave shaped holes into the pitch of a suburban soccer club in a senseless attack yesterday.
Zak Milenkovski, Altona Magic soccer club junior coordinator, said over $40,000 had been done in the inexplicable attack.
"We were dismayed, disappointed and gutted," he said.
Signs and goal posts were damaged and a window broken as a Swastika and a Greek flag were spray painted onto the ground of the soccer club.
Holes dug in the pitch are ankle deep and even when repaired may put players at risk of injury, according to Mr Milenkovski.
"It puts players at risk, it's like running in a park with pot holes everywhere," he said.
He feared those responsible were trying to make a political point on his club.
It will take six weeks to return the field to playing condition.
Police believe the brazen vandals struck the Paisley Park Complex at the corner of Mills and Ross roads in Altona at about 9am yesterday morning and are looking for a number of offenders.
Anyone with information is urged to contact Crime Stoppers on 1800 333 000 or to visit www.crimestoppers.com.au
What follows has taken me two weeks to finalize but was driven to do because my eyes are failing and I'm beginning to show my age mentally.
The issue is self explanatory (I hope) and one most important as Macedonians.
To continue in the same vein as in the past, will only isolate us into a minority and not of major importance to others. However to change our focus as outlined below, we may conceivably gain the support of many others beginning with the Jews, out Native peoples and including countless others who wish to but have not achieved the degree of recognition they deserve but are unable to achieve.
The prime issues must be education, democratic educational values, and everyone's right to a properly defined birth identity and related ethnic achievements to society in its entirety.
I'm hoping what follows will serve as the initiator and believe that with your help in seeking others (especially educators and academics) we will achieve that which we have tried for so diligently.
An educator's request for cooperative support!
HISTORY: EDUCATION OR DISTORTION?
Following the invention of the printing press, few had the means to upgrade themselves and their education.
In an effort to subdue conquered minorities, absolute monarch’s initiated what since has become a societal misconception relative to history often discriminating.
Half a world away, residents are being abused while ethnic discrimination is extended from their place of birth.
Initiated centuries ago by the most powerful monarchs, such a discriminatory process is still being imposed upon minorities such as the; Greeks verses the Macedonians, the Russians and former states such as; Georgia , Latvia , Estonia , Lithuania , Ukraine , etc. and many others. Such abuses expanded into developing nations in the west such as; the United States , Canada , Central America , South America , Australia and New Zealand where the original natives were forced into an indoctrination process which attempted to deny their native origins!
Most nations, to some degree, have had to endure various forms of such oppression but very few parallel the abuses our native peoples endured.
As teachers and professionals we should be teaching factual history but instead appear to be regurgitating distorted and incorrectly documented data which is also discriminatory.
Hopefully, what is being introduced will unite many into revising such societal misconceptions!
As educators we are all obligated by very similar governing precepts. Yet our administrators are still reluctant to respond to these issues and ultimately initiate some very necessary changes relative to, “How History Should Be Taught Properly”!
Adopted by the United Nations, “The Universal Declaration on Human Rights” was universally accepted, yet such fundamental contradictions still persist!
Historically, servants of royalty were strictly chosen then rigidly confined to their royal chambers. While on occasion, some became scribes or royal; secretaries and teachers then, on rare occasion, court historians. All, as royal appointees, were strictly accountable to their royal masters who not only created a new ethnic identity and culture, but also a new nation!
The same monarch’s controlled the; a/. ocean traffic in the Atlantic, b/ African slave trade, c/ the silk and spice trade in the middle east, d/ and an emerging Empire in India (England) and ultimately e/ most of that which became questionably documented and presently regurgitated as/if historical when not!
Subsequently copied by reputable institutions such as the Encyclopedia Britannica and the National Geographic Society, when printed, such has reluctantly been regurgitated and even repeated by all of our media!
Regretfully, most educators are parroting such distortions initiating questionable behavioral issues which often initiated false reactions such as;
a/ those in power determine history! Though true as a statement, such also initiates many distortions relative to factual history!
b/ improper claims relative to pre existing cultures.
c/ the renaming of ancient identities to presume an unjustified continuation of that which pre existed.
Most nations were all under the political dominance of others and all suffered some form of oppression, yet none to such a degree as the ancient; Egyptians, Jews and Macedonians and relatively recently; all of the native peoples within the newer worlds!
History: Political, or Factual?
As a subject history must be taught only as a factual subject, unbiased scientific and when in conflict the content must always be objective, never subjective and stress our societal precepts based upon democratic values!
History as taught must;
a/ be based upon facts and scientific data,
b/ be taught using scientific parameters,
c/ stress a need to be scientific in approach by using verifiable data only,
d/ define clearly what is and what is not acceptable as to terminology used.
e/ assuring students of what is properly debatable!
The primary issues must always be education and never politics!
Working within existing laws, precepts and regulations, what we are proposing are very minor changes initiating with appearances, and some physical and structures relative to how history should more properly be taught!
As the founder of a historical society I’m pleased many; educators, professionals and ethno cultural representatives are all equally as concerned and willing to also assist in initiating such changes.
Pete James Kondoff
Pete has been fighting on this issue alone! He can use some help. If you want to help, please write us at [email protected]
or write to Pete directly at [email protected]
Busting the "Vergina Tomb" myth
In 274 B.C., when Antigonus Gonatas was King of Macedonia, Pyrrhus, the King of Epirus, invaded Macedonia and arrived at Aeges (Vergina), where he pillaged all royal tombs and
scattered the bones of all kings, among which there were those of Philip II and his son's, Philip III Arrhidaeus'. (Diodorus Siculus, Plutarch, Pausanias)
Professor Andronikos in his book refers to the pillaging of the royal tombs by Pyrrhus, but claims that “it was by mere coincidence that the tomb of King Philip II escaped from being pillaged”.
However, this tomb was well known to everyone and would have been impossible for it to have
escaped, just like no other royal tomb in Vergina escaped before 274 BC.
This view on which Professor Andronikos' final conclusions on the identity of the dead and the
tombs of Vergina were based was, in my opinion, a serious historical error of facts in the field of
This error of facts was significantly reinforced by the conclusions of a group of British scientists
under Anatomist Dr. J. Musgrave, who supported in their report that “…they succeeded in restoring the head of King Philip II based on the skull bones discovered in Tomb II”
(Transactions of the International Congress of Classical Archaeology XII, Athens 4 10.9.1983).
FIRST DISPUTED POINT
Based on the evidence presented above in combination with the age of the dead of Tombs II and III as well as the building construction and artifacts, I have formed completely different views from those of Professor Andronikos', after these had already been established in Greece and abroad. In 1993 I undertook the writing of a book on the subject (“To Philip II or to Alexander the Great belongs the royal tomb of Vergina?”,1993) and expressed my counter-arguments
concerning Professor Andronikos' conclusions and Dr. J. Musgrave's findings. My conclusion was that:
The bones of Tomb II do not belong to King Philip II and his last wife, Cleopatra. The same conclusion is expressed in the relevant report by Mr. N. I. Xirotiris, Professor of Anthropology
at the University of Thrace and his colleague, Mrs. Franziska Langenscheidt (Archaiologike Ephimeris 1981).This was also later confirmed by Mr. A. Bartsiokas, Professor of Anthropology as well (Science Magazine, 21.4.2000).
Historical evidence leads us to the conclusion that in 316 BC King Philip III Arrhidaeus was buried in this tomb by Cassander, following his murder by Olympias in 317 BC at Pella (Pausanias).
King Philip II was buried between 336 and 335 B.C. in the adjacent Tomb III. There is important
evidence proving his identity.
TOMB II AND THE FAMOUS HUNTING SCENE
After Pyrrhus was driven away in 273 BC, Tomb II was prepared by Antigonus Gonatas and acquired the form we know today with the Hunting Scene Mural (Fig. 1); this hunting incident had taken place in Bactria in 327 BC, nine years after Philip's death (Arrian). The rider seen in the middle on the mural is Alexander the Great, while both King Philip II and Philip III Arrhidaeus are missing. Alexander's attire (Fig. 1) confirms what Diodorus Siculus writes that in
Persia “…he wore a white tunic and a Persian belt without Persian breeches (anaxyrides)”. Also what Herodotus writes is verified, i.e. that “in Persia , those who were about to make a sacrifice wore a wreath of myrtle leaves” (as the mural confirms).
As for Professor Andronikos' view that the lion hunter on horseback is Philip II, because of his
physical similarity to the king, I hold a different point of view. This is the chief of Alexander's bodyguards, Ptolemy, son of Lagus, who according to ancient sources was the biological son of Philip but in name the son of General Lagus, since Philip had given to Lagus the boy's mother, Arsinoe, Philip's concubine, as a wife while she was pregnant (Ploutarch).
It was, therefore, natural for the young man to look like his natural father, Philip II. The other view held by a team of archaeologists, that the hunter on horseback (Fig. 1) is King Philip III
Arrhidaeus, is wrong for the following reasons:
Hunting wild animals was considered truly dangerous and it was common sense that those participating in the sport should be physically fit, bold, quick-thinking, experienced and agile.
Philip III Arrhidaeus suffered from a physical disability, an incurable mental disease, was
mentally retarded and after the death of Alexander the Great was made king due to the order of succession to the throne, given that he was Alexander's half-brother and there was no other successor, other than the expected son of Alexander (Ploutarch, Diodorus Siculus).
Therefore, it is out of the question that Philip III Arrhidaeus was the lion-hunter on horseback.
A brief extract of evidence contained in the recently published book The Royal Tomb II at Vergina Reveals Alexander the Great by historian researcher.
Triandafyllos D. Papazois
"Indeed for most scholars working in fourth-century Macedonia , the original attribution by Andronikos now seems doubtful," - Winthrop Lindsay Adams, a professor of history at the University of Utah .
Not Philip II of Macedon Skeleton from Vergina royal tomb reappraised.
A skeleton thought by some to be that of King Philip II of Macedon, is not, in fact, that of the accomplished military leader and father of Alexander the Great, but rather one of Alexander's half brothers, Philip III Arrhidaeus, a far less prominent figure in the ancient world, according to a new study published in the April 21 edition of the journal Science
A whole text soon to be published in Macedonian:
Posted by Bratot
THE MACEDONIANS IN USA AND CANADA
Slave Nikolovski - Katin
6. MACEDONIAN EMIGRANT MEDIA
BEFORE WORLD WAR II
Newspapers of the Macedonian emigrants in USA and Canada are of special interest and are of great significance. Their history and development are quite turbulent and very interesting. They were of special importance and played a huge role in the information activities of the Macedonians in their new environment. The development of the newspapers before the Second World War coincides with the development of the Macedonian emigrants in USA and Canada . Basically it overlapped with the development of events in the Balkans, but even more so, it depended on the development of events surrounding Macedonia . The majority of emigrants had been forced, for economic and political reasons, to leave their native hearth in search of peace, tranquility, and material security. However, even there they were followed by the unscrupulous Bulgarian, Greek, and Serbian, propaganda, misleading them and causing division and discord among them. This can be seen regarding their newspapers, where due to the deficiency of their own newspapers they read Bulgarian, Serbian, Greek, English, and other newspapers.
Printing of the newspapers as papers of the Bulgarians and Macedonians in America was for the reason that prior to the Second World War, according to American laws, clubs, societies, and other forms of organization and activity could only be based on, and developed by those nationalities that were constituted as states. To the American administration at the time it was much more important what country the people came from rather than what nationality they belonged to. To them information in passports regarding national belonging was decisive. In this context we need add the large and extremely unscrupulous Greek, Serbian, and especially Bulgarian propaganda. It was very wisely spread not going without consequences among the Macedonian emigrants by misleading them and causing division, discord, and other negative consequences among the Macedonians on the North American Continent and beyond that. Even today the Bulgarian, Greek, and Serbian propaganda are still strong. However, they are only supported by a certain number of Macedonians which unfortunately are good servants, but bad masters.
The newspapers of the Macedonian emigrants in USA and Canada prior to the Second World War were shared with the Bulgarian emigrants, which included the following:
BORBA ( Battle )
The first newspaper in USA that treated the Macedonian issue was the “Borba” newspaper which began to be published in January 1902. This was the first newspaper of the Macedonian and Bulgarian emigrants in America . Till its eighth edition it was a means of the Macedonian – Odrin society, but was later taken into the hands of the Bulgarians. In fact, until the eighth edition the “Borba” newspaper treats the Macedonian issue with its essential thesis being the autonomy of Macedonia . After this edition there was a dominance of topics relating to Bulgaria . It came out in 15 editions of which the last is dated 15 October 1902 .
MAKEDONIJA ( Macedonia )
The first edition of this newspaper was published on 7 December 1907 , and the last in August 1910 in Granite City as an organ of the emigrants in America . It was published by the “Makedonija” society.
NARODEN GLAS (People’s Voice)
The “Naroden glas” daily newspaper (1907 – 1944) is one of the largest joint newspapers of the Macedonian and Bulgarian emigrants in USA . Till 1913, i.e. till its sixth Anniversary, it came out once, and then twice a week, until it became a daily newspaper published in Granite City and printed in its own printing office.
MAKEDONSKA TRIBUNA (Macedonian Tribune)
After the First World War there was more intensive emigration from Macedonia throughout the world, and so national organizations and societies were established. As a result of this in 1922 these societies united into the Soyuz of the Macedonian Political (Patriotic) Organizations in USA and Canada known as MPO. The “Makedonska tribuna” newspaper was an organ of the Soyuz of the Macedonian Political Organizations in USA and Canada and appeared in Indianapolis . At first it served the interests of the revolutionary movement of the Macedonian people, but later supported the Bulgarian assimilatory and denationalizing policy in Macedonia and throughout the world.
“Makedonska tribuna” as an organ of the MPO came out continually, once a month, starting 10 February 1927 . From its beginning till the 1990’s it was published in Bulgarian, whereas presently it is published in English with a certain number of articles in Bulgarian, and Macedonian from time to time.
This newspaper has the longest history of publishing in the Diaspora. During its history of 75 years it has played a significant role in the affirmation of the aims and interests of the MPO organization and of the Bulgarian propaganda. Despite the fact that the paper carries the attribute “Macedonian” it is nevertheless a far cry from the Macedonian truth. Because of this only a certain category read this newspaper and it is not popular among the Macedonian emigrants who came to USA and Canada after the Second World War.
MAKEDONIJA ( Macedonia )
This newspaper was devoted to the Macedonian liberation and independence movement. Its first edition was published in 1923; it came out once a month in English, and was published by the Central Committee of the Macedonian political organizations in USA and Canada .
MAKEDONSKI BJULETIN (Macedonian Bulletin)
The first and only edition of this paper was issued on 1 March 1930 in the city of Pontiac , Michigan , published by the Macedonian initiative committee. Its motto was: For a free Macedonia within a Balkan Federation.
MAKEDONSKI BILTEN (Macedonian Bulletin)
“Makedonski bilten” appeared in USA in March 1930 and only three issues were published. The newspaper was an organ of the Initiative Committee of the VMRO (united) organizations. The aim of “Makedonski bilten” was to inform the emigrants of the Macedonian issue from VMRO’s point of view. This attitude was particularly stressed in the appeal to the Macedonian emigrants which appealed that they fight against the supremacists and called upon the Macedonians for an uncompromising struggle against the fratricides and their servants.
BALKANSKO ZDRUZENIE (Balkan Association)
After establishing the Initiative Committee of the independent progressive groups, in April 1931 they held the First Congress of all the progressive Macedonian groups that united in the Macedonian People’s Soyuz. As a result of the awakening of the Macedonian consciousness, on 1 June 1931 the “Balkansko zdruzenie” newspaper appeared as an organ of the Macedonian People’s Soyuz in America whose seat was in Detroit , as a continuation of “Makedonski bilten.” It was published till 1934.
SOZNANIE (Realization / knowledge)
The first Macedonian independent progressive groups in Canada and USA , and later in Australia , began forming between the two World Wars as part of the Macedonian national soyuz whose long lasting and fruitful progress was expressed through the “Soznanie” newspaper. This newspaper was an organ of the Bulgarian branch of the Communist party in USA , and it also included Macedonian progressive emigrants. It appeared in Detroit on 15 December 1932 and came out every Friday in 2,000 copies. Printing stopped on 29 October 1937 , and it was replaced by the “Narodna Volja” (People’s Will) newspaper as an expression of the progressive Bulgarian and Macedonian emigrants in USA and Canada .
NARODNA VOLJA (People’s Will)
The first edition of this newspaper was published in Detroit in 1938. It was published once a week in the Cyrillic alphabet with a large part of the materials being published in the regular articles in English. After the constitution of the People’s Republic of Macedonia numerous texts were published in the Macedonian literary tongue. The “Narodna volja” newspaper was published as an organ of the MANS till 1944, usually consisting of six pages and a total of 127 editions.
NOVO VREME (New Age)
The “Novo vreme” newspaper was published in Toronto at the time of the foundation of the Macedonian – Canadian People’s Soyuz (Makedonsko-kanadski naroden sojuz – MKNS) as its organ. The contents of this newspaper were identical to the contents of the “Narodna volja” newspaper. The aims and objectives of the MANS in USA were also identical to the aims and objectives of MKNS in Canada .
GREECE: War Averted
Monday, Nov. 02, 1925
Somewhere along the Macedonian frontier between Greece and Bulgaria someone shot or shot at a sentinel. In the incendiary Near East one bullet is certain to breed many. Before the day was out, Bulgarians were storming a Greek blockhouse and Greeks were pouring into Bulgaria and shelling the Bulgar town of Petrich . Amid these scenes of violence the last thing ascertainable was whether the sentinel originally fired upon had been a Greek or a Bulgarian.
The Greeks addressed a "48-hour ultimatum" to Sofia , in which they charged that a Greek sentinel and later a Greek officer bearing a flag of truce had been wantonly shot and killed by Bulgarians. For this injury to her "national dignity" Greece demanded an indemnity of 6 million drachmas (about $80,400).
Bulgaria retorted by sending a note to the League of Nations wherein she described minutely how a Bulgarian sentinel had been wantonly fired upon by Greek soldiers, who, when he returned their fire, entered Bulgaria at the head of a Greek invasion, which penetrated Bulgar territory to a depth of eight kilometres. The note asserted that Bulgaria was throwing herself entirely upon the protection of the League, and that her soldiers had been ordered to make not the slightest resistance to the invading Greeks.
Meanwhile scores of dispatches reported fighting on the part of soldiers of both nations, terrorization of the Macedonian peasantry, and the utter destruction of Petrich by Greek shell-fire—as well as denials from Greece that she was either shelling or bombing that town.
Amid these alarming incertitudes, Aristide Briand, as Acting President of the Council of the League of Nations, promptly reminded the governments at Athens and Sofia that as League members they were bound not to have recourse to war, but to appear immediately in the person of their envoys before the League Council, which would then decide upon the action to be taken in order to insure peace.
The envoys of Greece and Bulgaria scurried to obey. At Paris they found M. Briand and Mr. Austen Chamberlain, personifying France and Britain in the Council of the League, which was brought up to full strength by representatives of Italy, Belgium, Spain, Sweden, Uruguay, Japan, Czechoslovakia and Brazil. After a short hearing, Mr. Chamberlain read out the Council's preliminary discussion. Greece and Bulgaria were given just 24 hours to clear out of each other's territory and 72 hours in which to file proofs that they had done so. The envoys of the defendant powers accepted this ruling—scurried once more. The League Council commenced the task of collecting and sifting evidence, with a view to adjudicating the question of responsibility for the outbreak.
FEEDBACK: RE: "There is a question mark hanging over the story of Noah and the Great Flood" (May's Digest)
"There are those who believe that the story of Noah and the ark was plagiarized by the hebrews from an earlier Sumerian ark story (the Epic of Gilgamesh). This event never occurred on a global scale."
Note the following:
Sumerian > Sumeria > Su-me-ria > Lives "ma-ra". (Ma-ra is the Ma-donna).
Gilgamesh > Gilgame > Gi-l-ga-me > Lives-li-zeus (don)-ma.
(Hmmm.... Notice how the "Ra-ma-da" theology pre-dates all religions.)
FEEDBACK: RE: The second part of the same article.
"The Atonism (Adon) of Lower Egypt was the original monotheistic belief system." *1
"Judaism was based upon the creed and culture of the Amarna regime of Pharaoh Akhenaton." *2
Note the following:
Aton > A-ton > Lives-don.
Judai > ju-dai > Lives-don.
Akhenaton > Akhen-a-ton > Lives, the living don.
Essendon (A suburb in Melbourne, Australia) > E-ssen-don > Lives, the living don.
*Notice how "Don" took over from "Ra" as the leading deity....
*How about the "Ma" (Mother) deity? Well, we all know how certain countries view and treat their women. The "Mother" deity was basically demoted and/or made obselete.
By Dusko L.
The Dorian Invasion?
The Hebrews were in Pelasgian proto-Slav lands at Morea from at least 1,600 BC.
The proto-Slavic Script was replaced with Linear B.
Around 1,330 BC The Hebrew Aye re-named the indigenous Pelasgians of Morea Dannans.
Just like the fabricated 5th and 6th centuries AD so-called Slav invasions of Macedonia, so too is the so-called 1,150 BC Doric Greek invasion of Mycenaean (Dannan) Greece which is said to have started from a point well inside the territory of the modern day Republic of Macedonia! Both scenarios have been concocted by the west to suit the agenda of Macedonia's artificial southern neighbour.
Proto-Slavic inscriptions have been found on the territory of the modern Republic of Macedonia which date well before and after 1,150 BC. There are no so-called Archaic Doric-Greek inscriptions.
If there was an invasion of Mycenaean (Dannan) Greece in 1,150 BC, the conquerors would more likely have been proto-Slavic, namely, the Brygians.
According to the center text on the Rosetta Stone the Ancient Macedonians (chiefly Brygians) called the citizens of the ancient City States Dannans.
If the Ancient Macedonians were so-called Dorians why would they call the citizens of the ancient City States Dannans? Considering the fact that the citizens of the ancient City States were heavily comprised of Dorians?
Also, why didn't the Ancient Macedonians call the citizens of the ancient City States "Greeks" or "Hellenes" but instead Dannans?!
(P.S. The so-called "Dark Ages" of Archaic Greece which followed this Dorian invasion is yet another lie concocted by the west! It's so obvious that they're trying to cover up something!)
The following comment about the Dorians comes from a person calling himself "STORI" dated January 6 2011.
"I strongly question the hypothesis that dorians or rather doirani were greeks. Firstly according to the predominant hypothesis they came from "north/northwestern greece" but most probably north of the boundaries of greece - rather they were Macedonians and Macedonic tribes and not greek.,..........,. How convenient for the greeks that there are no traces left behind by the dorians. One must really question this convenience.
Furthermore if we look at the meaning of the name dojrani/doirani from the Macedonian etymology point of view it's meaning in Macedonian is "early settlers" "the ones who arrived early".
This is NOT a coincidence. DOIRANI WERE THE EARLIEST MACEDONIANS and they were NEVER greek. (don't fall for the lame explanation about the name coming from doris - that is only greek b-s and doesn't show the true etymology of the name DOJRANI/DOIRANI.
This also explains the Macedonian etymology of the islands of KOS, ROD (Rhodes), KRF (KORFU), places that the dorians also settled. This is also NO coincidence. Remember Macedonians were never Greek