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Old 12-05-2017, 08:53 PM   #1
Liberator of Makedonija
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Default Great Vlachia

Stumbled upon a wikipedia page on a Great Vlachia/Great Wallachia, a 12th century province located in Thessaly and later the general name for Thessaly for the next 2 centuries. Supposedly named after the large Vlach population in the region at the time. Creating this thread for any relevant information on this topic.

Link to article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Vlachia
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Old 12-06-2017, 03:38 AM   #2
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“The” Other Europe in the Middle Ages: Avars, Bulgars, Khazars and Cumans, p.393:

Quote:
The Kipçak world in the thirteenth century

[...] been a "hospodar of Walachia," as pletnevar thought (60). Whilst 'Walachia' was the name of the first Romanian principality north of the Lower Danube, the same polity for which Ottoman chroniclers eflâk (Ottoman Turkish letters) (61), 'Vlachia' in Balkan sources usually meant either Bulgaria or Thessaly, in the latter case often within the phrase 'Great Vlachia' (Μεγάλη Βλαχια) (62).

60. Pletneva, 1990, 182.
61. Taeschner, 1951, I:247.
62. Darrouzès 1990 pp. 66-67(no. 2755 of May 1383) and 197 -98 (no 2919 of March 1393); Hunger 1978b, 121 and 123; Bees 1909, 616-617 with note 124; Lazarou 1993, 28 and 209; Nicol 1984, 72-75; Ferjancic 1974, 1-11; Zakythinos 1948, 42-44. See also Darrouzès 1981, 402 which mentions "the [bishopric] of Domenikos in Vlachia under the metropolitan see of Larissa" ([του Λαρίσσης και ούτως] και εν τη Βλαχία ο Δομενικου) in a list of episcopal see elevated to the rank of archbishoprics. Larissa was, and still is, the main city of Thessaly. The phrase 'Great Vlachia' was also used in the mid-1100s by the Jewish traveler Benjamin Tudela. (Adler 1907, 17). The first Byzantine author to mention Great Vlachia is Nicetas Choniates (Dieten 1975, 638). See also A. Kazhdan 1991b, 2183. It was the Latin conquest of Constantinople in 1204 that turned 'Vlachia' into an official name. In the Partitio terrarum Imperii Romanie, 'Blachie' is Thessaly: "Orium Larisse et Provintia Blachie, cum personalibus et monasteribus in eis existentibus" (Carile 1965 211 and 281-282). 'La grande Blachie' by Henri de Valenciennes (Longnon 1948, 49), the Μεγάλη Βλαχια by George Acropolites (Heisenberg and Wirth, I:43 and 61-62), while Pachymeres wrote of Μεγαλοβλαχιται in the army Michael II Comnenus Ducas of Epirus in 1258 (Failler 1984, I:117). See also Zalatarski 1972, III:278 with n. 2. According to Kazhdan 1991b, 2183 "after Pachymeres the term Megale Vlachia disappears and reappears only in the fifteenth century as a designation not for the district in Thessaly but for a region on the Lower and Middle Danube." This is doubtful. Indeed, George Sphrantzes, who lived during the second half of the fifteenth century, called Walachia north of the Danube Μεγάλη Βλαχια, while reserving Μικρά Βλαχια for the Thessalian Vlachia. (Maisano 1990, 28, 172, and 192). However, the Byzantine documentary sources give another picture. In a 1366 chrysobul of Symeon Uros Paleologus, the Emperor in Thessaly between 1355 and 1371, Vlachia is Thessaly (Solov'ev and Moshin 1936, 252). Another prostagma of the same ruler dated 1357 also mentioned the Thessalian Vachia (Solov'ev and Moshin 1936, 210) moreover, in the Ekthesis Nea, a textbook of the chancery of the Patriarchate of Constantinople composed in the late fourteenth or early fifteenth century, there is a statement in the chapter "How the patriarch writes to a despot, who is not the son of the Emperor". The text reads: και ει μην ενι ρωμαίος άνθρωπος και τον ευγενέστατων, ου προστίθησι το όνομα αυτού ει δε βάρβαρος οίος ην ο Τομπρότιτζάς και οι της Βλαχίας δεσπόται και οι του Αλβανού προστίθησι και του όνομα, ("And if [the letter is addressed] to a Roman, who is a noble one, his name should not be written; if he is a barbarian, like Dobrotitzas, or the despots of Vlachia, or the rulers of Albania, the name should be written"). See Darrouzès 1969, 56. Since no late fourteenth - or early fifteenth - century voyvode of either Walachia or Moldavia bore the title of despot (see above), the address in the Ekthesis Nea must refer to the Thessalian despots, who received their title from the emperor (Ferjancic 1974, 8-10). Dobrotitza mentioned in the text was a local ruler of Dobrudja, who died in 1387. As a consequence, the address in the Ekthesis Nea must ante-date Dobrotiza's death. He had been a Byzantine client from 1347, following his defeat by Emperor John VI Cantacuzene (1347-1354). The title of despot was bestowed upon him [...]
I don't know where to find the letters for the first bit. I also didn't bother doing all the accents. Kinda weird to have such long footnotes. There are more mentions of Vlachia on other pages but that was the only part with Great Vlachia.

A bunch other book results I haven't had time to read:

Latins and Greeks in the Eastern Mediterranean after 1204

Imagining frontiers, contesting identities

The History of Greece: From Its Conquest by the Crusaders to its Conquest by the Turks, and of the Empire of Trebizond: 1204-1461

Also found this: http://www.aspropotamos.org/culture.htm
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