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Old 05-20-2019, 05:18 PM   #141
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Originally Posted by Liberator of Makedonija View Post
I know this isn't 19th century but this is still the best thread for literature I believe.

A primer written by Maro Teodorovic, born in Bansko. Published in Vienna in 1792. Would appreciate if anyone was able to translate or give greater information on the author and/or publication.

According to Bulgarian Wikipedia entry on Marko Teodorovich, it says that he was born around 1760 in Bansko. He graduated from a Greek secular school. He dealt with cotton trade and went to Vienna.

He opened commercial offices in Serres, Belgrade and Vienna.

In 1792 he published a Church Slavic primer, which is what you posted. It was printed in the printing house of the Serbian Stefan Novakovic in Vienna (we see his name towards the end of the cover page). In the primer it is noted it is in Slavic (not Serbian or Bulgarian). On the cover page, it is also stated that the publisher is "a Bulgarian by birth, from Razlog".

This book was actually ordered and paid for by the Serbs in Vienna to teach the Serbian children. He was known as a well educated man who knew Russian and Church Slavic, and so the Serbs ordered the textbook. Marko Teodorovich predicts the book will serve the Bulgarian schools as well.

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Old 06-19-2019, 07:05 AM   #142
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The Miladinov brothers are controversial and highlight how confusing ottoman times were for the Macedonians and others but especially the Macedonians due to having less power than their neighbours and being constantly ruled by different foreign empires which all strived to make Macedonia their land. Sadly these peoples being the Greeks, Bulgarians and Serbians all still wanted to make Macedonia their land during ottoman times.

The Miladinov’s supposedly supported the establishment of Bulgarian churches and schools in Macedonia as they called Macedonia west Bulgaria at times and called themselves ‘west Bulgarians’ because they were worried that with the name Macedonia it will tempt the Greeks to take Macedonia and make it greek with a Greek speaking majority. This is why they supported the Bulgarian churches/schools to open in Macedonia as they preferred to have churches/schools with a more slavic language opposed to Greek as a way to showcase that Macedonia is more ‘slavic speaking’ than Greek, also because the Macedonians spoke a more ‘slavic’ language since 6th century AD.

They called themselves Bulgarians as ‘Bulgarian’ was synonymous with ‘slavic speaker’ in ottoman times, obviously leftover terminology from the Bulgarian empires that temporarily controlled Macedonia. The Miladinov’s also called themselves ‘west Bulgarians’ as a way to say that they are from ‘west Bulgaria’ which is not true but because they called Macedonia ‘west Bulgaria’ at times this is why they called themselves ‘west Bulgarians’.

The Miladinov’s are controversial figures they created Bulgarian and Macedonian folklore with the title being ‘Bulgarian National Songs’ and supposedly went to Russia to pay homage to their ‘Bulgarian ancestors’, yet never had any songs about national ethnic Bulgarian icons but had songs about national ethnic Macedonian icons such as Alexander the Great. This shows they were also weary of their ethnic Macedonian icons and heritage regardless of what they called themselves during the confusing ethnic mess of the Ottoman Empire which silenced national belief. Even if the Miladinov’s thought of the ancient Macedonians as ‘slavic speakers’ and thus sang songs about them, they never sang songs about any ‘slavic speaking’ ethnic Bulgarians.

Very confusing times. They were strong ethnic Bulgarian sympathisers and saw the ethnic Bulgarians as allies then as they both opposed the Greek idea of making Macedonia a Greek land with a Greek speaking majority. They used the term ‘Bulgarian’ to emphasise their slavic language/culture opposed to Greek and also possibly in a national sense as they supposedly went to Russia to pay homage to their ‘Bulgarian ancestors’, but this could’ve been through being strong ethnic Bulgarian sympathisers and wanting help from ethnic Bulgarians to oppose Greek efforts in making Macedonia ‘Greek’ opposed to more ‘slavic’.

The use of the term ‘Bulgarian’ in ottoman Macedonia was simply the norm at times and didn’t have an ethnic meaning for the most part. Although the Macedonian national consciousness was not active on a wider public scale during the 1800’s, the Macedonians celebrated and sang songs about people of whom the Macedonians always regarded to be of ethnic Macedonian origin and who were known to be ethnic Macedonians, regardless if they thought of them to be ‘slavic speakers’ it shows the Macedonians never forgot their heritage as the songs and beliefs were passed down orally from generation to generation.

Last edited by Chicho Makedonski; 06-19-2019 at 07:35 AM.
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19th century, krste misirkov, mladinov brothers

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