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Old 06-19-2013, 12:15 AM   #1
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Default Update on the Greek Anti-Macedonian Struggle


19 June 2013

The Australian-Macedonian Human Rights Committee (AMHRC) is pleased to announce a second print run of the English edition of Dimitris Lithoxou’s The Greek Anti-Macedonian Struggle, Part 1: From St. Ilija’s Day to Zagorichani (1903-1905), which was translated to English by Executive Members of the AMHRC.

The book was launched earlier this year by the AMHRC and has been so popular, that a second print run has become a necessity. We are also pleased to announce that the book has been accepted into the collections of many libraries including the National Library of Australia, the Library of Congress (USA), the State Library of Victoria, the University of New South Wales, the University of Sydney, La Trobe University, Deakin University and the University of Adelaide.

With the second print run, the AMHRC will be expanding the list of public and university libraries to which the book will be offered, including many of the leading universities in North America and the United Kingdom.

Copies of Salient Publishing’s English translation of the book can be purchased from the Australian Macedonian Human Rights Committee (AMHRC) via the following link:

In The Greek Anti-Macedonian Struggle, Part 1: From St. Ilija’s Day to Zagorichani (1903-1905), Lithoxou uses primary Greek sources to reconstruct a number of important historical events. Here is an excerpt from an incident from 25 March 1905:

“The Greeks slaughtered, lit fires and plundered for about three hours. They only stopped after receiving information from the guards about the appearance of a small Ottoman police detachment from the neighbouring village of Kumanichovo [Kumanichevo]. Immediately after that, the heroic slaughterers of civilians rushed up into the mountains, taking 27 prisoners with them. They left behind them a village in flames with streets full of corpses.

I remember that when we passed through the streets of the village in order to escape, we saw 8-10 corpses on each of the streets and women and children were mourning them, said Iliyas Kapetanakis.

In the mountains, they savagely slaughtered the prisoners. Pavlos Patros took the initiative. Patros was holding both the knife and the bayonet. Then, he put the bayonet on the shotgun and started stabbing the prisoners who were lined up.

The massacre is described with the precision of diplomatic language, in a document from the Austrian Consulate in Bitola, dated 12.4.1905:

The Greek band razed the village to the ground on the morning of the seventh day of the current month [new calendar], after it attacked the village at dawn, simultaneously from all sides […]. When the inhabitants heard the bugles, they thought that an army detachment had arrived in the village and they even went out to greet them, but were immediately shot. The Greeks pulled out as many people as they could from the houses, including women and children and killed them in barbarous fashion. Those houses which they were unable to occupy, they blew into the air with dynamite or set on fire. Apart from that, 20 men were taken into the mountains where they were slaughtered. At the same time, they plundered and committed violence in search of money. The band conducted itself in this way for a whole three hours and there is no doubt that many more people would have been killed, if the Second Lieutenant of the police, Nezir-Effendi and 40 of his men, had not arrived from the neighbouring village of Komanichevo, after which the Greeks retreated into the mountains.

In order to reduce the level of horror which the massacre had provoked in Europe, Greek historiography claims that there was a Bulgarian detachment stationed in the village and that the Greeks attacked it. This is yet another lie…

A mass slaughter of innocent Macedonians and the plunder of their property, by Greek officers and their robber mercenaries. That is what happened in Zagorichani and in dozens of other Macedonian villages. That was the essence of the anti-Macedonian struggle, which Greek historians, in performing their regular duty, present as a struggle for the liberation of Macedonia.”

Quoted from Dimitris Lithoxou, The Greek Anti-Macedonian Struggle, Part 1: From St. Ilija’s Day to Zagorichani (1903-1905), pp. 137-144).


Established in 1984, the Australian Macedonian Human Rights Committee (AMHRC) is a non-governmental organisation that informs and advocates before international institutions, governments and broader communities about combating racism and promoting human rights. Our aspiration is to ensure that Macedonian communities and other excluded groups throughout the world, are recognised, respected and afforded equitable treatment. For more information please visit, email [email protected] or via +61 3 9329 8960.
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