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Old 12-23-2008, 04:14 AM   #27
Soldier of Macedon
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John Musachi, 16th century
http://www.albanianhistory.net/texts16-18/AH1515.html

Below is a source written over a century after King Marko's death, in the year 1515. It is by the Albanian writer John Musachi, who, despite providing some historical value in relation to the Albanian people and language, is full of errors and inconsistencies where it concerns important historical events in the region. Initially, Musachi refers to Marko as the King of 'Bulgaria', while Lazar is the Despot of 'Serbia'.
Quote:
When Murad the Second took power, he seized Serbia and Bulgaria in a huge onslaught. Lazar, the Despot of Serbia, and King Marko of Bulgaria and Theodore Musachi, the second-born of our family, and the other Lords of Albania united and set off for battle, which the Christians lost. It was there that the above mentioned Theodore, who had a large band of Albanians with him, was slain. The said Lazar of Serbia was taken prisoner and later slain. Now began a period of continuous warfare with the Turks in Albania, in which many lords and gentlemen gave their lives.
The above event is surely in reference to the Battle of Kosovo in the year 1389, but the events and apparent participation of the abovementioned persons is largely fabricated. King Marko did not take part in the Battle of Kosovo, this is a fact, he was at this time a vassal of the Ottomans, and there is no record of King Marko having seen action on either side during that event. Furthermore, Musachi's version seems to indicate an 'ethnic' Albanian participation which appears to be lacking in the historical memory of the Albanian people and other records pertaining to that event.
Quote:
I would also like to inform you that Vlora and the town of Canina (Kanina) with all their estates were part of our dynasty in ancient times and belong to you. If anyone should oppose you, asserting that they were ruled by Mark, King of Serbia, reply that this is true, but only in the following manner.................
In the above passage Musachi contradicts himself and calls Marko the King of 'Serbia', rather than 'Bulgaria'. It is a fact that Marko was never the King of 'Serbia', as King Tvrtko of Bosnia eventually assumed that title as he was strengthening his ties with Despot Lazar. In reference to Marko's father King Volkasin, he is attributed the title of King of 'Serbia' and 'Bulgaria', another complete falsity.
Quote:
This second Lord Andrew, who captured the said King Vukashin, King of Serbia and Bulgaria, was married to the daughter of Lord Paul Sevastocrator.
The 'Bulgaria' that Musachi refers to, in the spirit of East Roman terminology of the former 'themes' in SE Europe, roughly extends from Ohrid to Odrin (Adrianople), one then must ask, what of the real Bulgaria in Moesia bordering the river Danube, what of their name, or their rulers? Their state at the time was referred to as the Bulgarian Empire or the Wallacho-Bulgarian Empire, and Ivan Shishman ruled until 1395, yet he is completely ommitted from the text.

The one thing that may be considered as value with regard to this topic as a whole coming from Musachi is that King Marko is mentioned at all.
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