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Old 05-06-2011, 07:25 AM   #4
Bratot
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In early times, the chief town and seat of the Paionian kings was Bylazora (now Veles in the Republic of Macedonia) on the Axios; later the seat of the kings was moved to Stobi.

Bylazora
Bylazora was a city of the Paionians, situated along the banks of the Axios (now the Vardar) river in ancient Paionia (the region is now part of the Republic of Macedonia). In pre-Roman times, it was the chief town and seat of the Paionian kings, a major Paionian city, along with Stobi.

Paeonia was later conquered by Macedon and later still by Rome, and the city eventually waned away. The modern Veles is located on the site of ancient Bylazora.

BYLAZORA:
belo - modern slavic = ´white´
zora - modern slavic = ´dawn´
(note - Western scholars hold that Slavs migrated into the Balkans in 600 AD)

Polybius-Histories — Book 5
97 At about the same time Philip occupied Bylazora, the largest town in Paeonia and very favourably situated as regards the pass from Dardania to Macedonia. So that by his conquest he very nearly freed himself from the fear of the Dardai, 2 it being no longer easy for them to invade Macedonia, now that Philip commanded the passes by holding this city. 3 After securing the place, he dispatched Chrysogonus with all speed to collect the levies of upper Macedonia 4 and he himself with those of Boeotia and Amphaxites arrived at Edessa. p235Here he was joined by the Macedonians under Chrysogonus, and setting forth with his whole army reached Larisa on the sixth day. 5 Pushing on vigorously all night without stopping, he arrived before Melitea at daybreak, and setting up his scaling-ladders, attempted to storm the town. 6 He terrified the Meliteans so much by the suddenness and unexpectedness of the attack that he could easily have taken the town; but the attempt was foiled by the ladders being far too short for the purpose.

http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/...lybius/5*.html

THE ACROPOLIS OF BYLAZORA, page 4

By Eulah Matthews and William Neidinger

Paionian grey ware jug with a solar stamp (above right). Compare the similar stamp on
a pithos rim (right).



Phase 7: Destruction of Bylazora.

Most of the pottery of the Second Squatter Period dates to the third-early second century BC. That
is close to the date that the ancient authors give as the destruction of Paionian Bylazora. Wars
swept over Bylazora at this time. Polybius (V:97) says that King Philip V of Macedonia “occupied”
Paionia in 217 BC to defend Macedonia from the Dardanians, the unruly northern enemies of the
Paionians and Macedonians.
Livy (XLII:51.5) speaks of a Paionian cavalry unit fighting alongside
the Macedonians against the Romans in 171 BC
. After that Macedonia and Paionia became parts
of the Roman state
, their independent polities gone forever and their ethnic identities submerged
into a larger world. When Ptolemy writes his Geography in the second century AD, he mentions the
land of the Paionians and enumerates their cities. Bylazora is not mentioned. It clearly has been
abandoned and its ruins forgotten.

http://www.tfahr.org/BP_acrop4.html

Under the Romans, Paeonia formed a province called Macedonia Secunda or Macedonia Salutaris, belonging to the Praetorian prefecture of Illyricum.


Following the conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great the worship of Isis spread throughout the Graeco-Roman world.[13]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isis

Serapis or Sarapis was a Graeco-Egyptian god. He was invented during the 3rd century BC at the orders of Ptolemy I of Egypt as a means to unify the Greeks and Egyptians in his realm. The god was depicted as Greek in appearance, but with Egyptian trappings, and combined iconography from a great many cults, signifying both abundance and resurrection. His cultus was spread as a matter of deliberate policy by the Ptolemaic kings, who also built a splendid Serapeum in Alexandria.
...
Under Ptolemy Soter, efforts were made to integrate Egyptian religion with that of their Hellenic rulers. Ptolemy's policy was to find a deity that should win the reverence alike of both groups, despite the curses of the Egyptian priests against the gods of the previous foreign rulers (i.e Set who was lauded by the Hyksos). Alexander the Great had attempted to use Amun for this purpose, but he was more prominent in Upper Egypt, and not as popular with those in Lower Egypt, where the Greeks had stronger influence. The Greeks had little respect for animal-headed figures, and so a Greek-style anthromorphic statue was chosen as the idol, and proclaimed as the equivalent of the highly popular Apis.[2] It was named Aser-hapi (i.e. Osiris-Apis), which became Serapis, and was said to be Osiris in full, rather than just his Ka (life force).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serapis

Osiris was the mythological father of the god Horus, whose conception is described in the Myth of Osiris and Isis, a central myth in ancient Egyptian belief. The myth described Osiris as having been killed by his brother Set who wanted Osiris' throne. Isis briefly brought Osiris back to life by use of a spell that she learned from her father. This spell gave her time to become pregnant by Osiris before he again died. Isis later gave birth to Horus. As such, since Horus was born after Osiris' resurrection, Horus became thought of as a representation of new beginnings and the vanquisher of the evil Set.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osiris

look at symbols depicted in this representation of Serapis:




Than Coat of Arms of Bulgaria by Vincenco Coronelli and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia next





http://www.eupedia.com/forum/showthr...donians/page18
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Last edited by Bratot; 05-06-2011 at 07:34 AM.
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