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-   -   Herodotus on Thessaly (http://www.macedoniantruth.org/forum/showthread.php?t=6981)

Carlin 09-30-2012 11:41 AM

Herodotus on Thessaly
 
If Thessalians were Greek, if at all, they did not care much for the "Greek cause" during the war with the Persians. They cared for their own country and their own interests first thank you very much.

[url]http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/hh/hh8020.htm[/url]
[url]http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/hh/hh8030.htm[/url]
[url]http://academic.reed.edu/humanities/hum110/hdt/hdt8.html[/url]
[url]http://classics.mit.edu/Herodotus/history.8.viii.html[/url]

The Thessalians demand surrender, and threaten to have the Persians overrun tiny Phocis, the site of the oracle at Delphi. [U]The angry refusal of the Phocians is motivated by hatred of Thessaly, not by Panhellenic feeling.[/U]

Notice the interesting translation: it says that the Thessalians, in the past, were on the Greek side solely out of their interest ("so long as it pleased us to be [U]on that side[/U]"):

[FONT="Times New Roman"][SIZE="3"]Bearing then a grudge for both of these things, the Thessalians sent a herald and addressed them thus:

"Phokians, we advise you to be more disposed now to change your minds and to admit that ye are not on a level with us: [B]for in former times among the Hellenes, so long as it pleased us to be on that side,[/B] we always had the preference over you, and [B]now we have such great power with the Barbarian that it rests with us to cause you to be deprived of your land and to be sold into slavery also.[/B] We however, though we have all the power in our hands, do not bear malice, but let there be paid to us fifty talents of silver in return for this, and we will engage to avert the dangers which threaten to come upon your land."[/SIZE][/FONT]

30. Thus the Thessalians proposed to them; for the Phokians alone of all the people in those parts were not taking the side of the Medes, and this for no other reason, as I conjecture, but only because of their enmity with the Thessalians; and if the Thessalians had supported the cause of the Hellenes, I am of opinion that the Phokians would have been on the side of the Medes. When the Thessalians proposed this, they said that they would not give the money, and that it was open to them to take the Median side just as much as the Thessalians, if they desired it for other reasons; but they would not with their own will be traitors to Hellas.

31. When these words were reported, then [B]the Thessalians, moved with anger against the Phokians, became guides to the Barbarian to show him the way: [/B]and from the land of Trachis they entered Doris; for a narrow strip of the Dorian territory extends this way, about thirty furlongs in breadth, lying between Malis and Phokis, the region which was in ancient time called Dryopis; this land is the mother-country of the Dorians in Peloponnese. Now the Barbarians did not lay waste this land of Doris when they entered it, for the people of it were taking the side of the Medes, and also the Thessalians did not desire it.

32. When however from Doris they entered Phokis, they did not indeed capture the Phokians themselves; for some of them had gone up to the heights of Parnassos,--and that summit of Parnassos is very convenient to receive a large number, which lies by itself near the city of Neon, the name of it being Tithorea,--to this, I say, some of them had carried up their goods and gone up themselves; but most of them had conveyed their goods out to the Ozolian Locrians, to the city of Amphissa, which is situated above the Crissaian plain. [B]The Barbarians however overran the whole land of Phokis, for so the Thessalians led their army, and all that they came to as they marched they burned or cut down, and delivered to the flames both the cities and the temples: [/B]

33. [B]for they laid everything waste[/B], proceeding this way by the river Kephisos, and they destroyed the city of Drymos by fire, and also the following, namely Charadra, Erochos, Tethronion, Amphikaia, Neon, Pedieis, Triteis, Elateia, Hyampolis, Parapotamioi and Abai, at which last-named place there was a temple of Apollo, wealthy and furnished with treasuries and votive offerings in abundance; and there was then, as there is even now, the seat of an Oracle there: [B]this temple they plundered and burnt. Some also of the Phokians they pursued and captured upon the mountains, and some women they did to death by repeated outrage.[/B]


Were Ancient Thessalians bilingual/multilingual? Strabo stated that certain parts of Thessaly were held by Thracians. Also, there were a few Epirote tribes which were incorporated into Thessaly. It wouldn't be too hard to speculate and propose that Thessalians were a mix of Thracians, Epirotes, Hellenes, and (perhaps) others.

Epirot 10-01-2012 07:32 AM

[QUOTE=Carlin;134236]

Were Ancient Thessalians bilingual/multilingual? Strabo stated that certain parts of Thessaly were held by Thracians. Also, there were a few Epirote tribes which were incorporated into Thessaly. It wouldn't be too hard to speculate and propose that Thessalians were a mix of Thracians, Epirotes, Hellenes, and (perhaps) others.[/QUOTE]

If we are to believe the ancient testimonies, then southern Thessaly is the cradle of the Hellenic nation. Be that as it may, Thessaly was engulfed by northern invasions, i.e Illyrians & Thracians who held a certain part of its territory until the classical period. That's why Thessaly has been excluded from Hellas by Dionysis:

[IMG]http://i54.tinypic.com/29daghw.png[/IMG]
[I]P.S: I took the scanned image from an Albanian forum[/I]

Carlin 10-23-2012 07:05 PM

More on the Thracians.

Not sure where to put the following info, might as well add it here (since according to Strabo, Thracians in his time held significant parts of Thessaly). Let's see if the Thracians appear further south.

Quotes from "A History of Boeotia", By Robert J. Buck

[url]http://books.google.ca/books?id=5Ada2TbJWM0C&pg=PA67&lpg=PA67&dq=Thracians+Arcadia&source=bl&ots=GHUj5XB1Uy&sig=fhZvidjaZ5ewW04yv5VPmEjNRPY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ayuHUMCoEui60AGwxoHYCg&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Thracians%20Arcadia&f=false[/url]

Summary:

- Invasions & expulsions by fierce attackers, variously named Phlegyians, Pelasgi, or Thracians. Phlegyians were held to be of Thracian stock, while Thracians a Pelasgian people [it seems that, Thracians = Pelasgians].
- Presence in Classical Greece of Thracian cults, divinities, or Thracian traces in various cults, in Boeotia and Arcadia.
- Thracian place-names, notably in Malis, Attica, Euboea and Arcadia; simple explanation: presence of Thracians in these regions.
- Memory survived of fights with invading Thracians, fights in Phocis, Boeotia, western Attica and Megara at times close to the Trojan War.
- Thracians were believed to have maintained their grip for a time in Phocis and western Boeotia.

Conclusion: ancient Hellenes, notably Boeotians and Arcadians (and others), had a significant Thracian admixture.

Some of the most notable and famous ancient Thracian Hellenes: Thucydides, Themistocles, Cimon.

Carlin 12-08-2012 09:18 AM

- To the Athenian mind Thessaly was also foreign. Having colluded with the Persians during their second invasion of mainland Greece, the Thessalians were likewise referred to as barbarians.

- Thessaly followed a course of development strangely remote from the main channel of Greek civilization.

- During the prehistoric period Thessaly was ‘largely independent of external influences’ 15 and was more akin to its northern neighbours than its southern. Mycenaean civilisation had little influence, with the
exception of Phthia and Iolcus in the southeast, as the Homeric catalogue attests 16. Throughout the prehistoric period Thessaly’s culture differed greatly from the south. Without the Mycenaean and civilising influences Thessaly ‘always continued in a backward and barbarous state of civilisation’ 17.

- From the prehistoric period to the 4th century BCE Thessaly’s development was a complete contrast to the progress in southern Greece.

- Thessaly was geographically ostracised from the Greek world in the
pre-classical period:

Thessaly never became completely Hellenized and was regarded rather as a bulwark against the barbarian north than as a genuine and fully privileged member of the Hellenic world. 47

- The Athenian accusation of untrustworthiness was also political. Trust in the Thessalians had been broken. In 462 Thessaly had forged an alliance with Athens. Before the development of their own cavalry, the Athenians relied on their Thessalian allies for support since they were ‘famed for their skill as cavalrymen’. 104 When Thessaly’s help was needed against Sparta, the Thessalian cavalry deserted its allies at Tanagara in favour of the Spartans. 105 During the same campaign the Thessalian cavalry were openly hostile towards the Athenians and attacked an Athenian supply train in a premeditated raid. 106
This was not the first time Athens had felt betrayed by Thessaly. During the Persian wars Thessaly had ‘medized’ 107. Even before Persia marched through Thessaly in 480 BCE, Herodotus suggests a Thessalian contingent journeyed to Persia to offer their support and ‘to promise all the assistance which it was in their power to give’ the Persians for an invasion of Greece. He suggests this support may have contributed to the Persian decision to invade Greece. 108 Xerxes’ army marched
through Thessaly on its assault of southern Greece. After their defeat at Salamis Mardonios, the Persian general, along with the Persian army wintered in Thessaly where there was ample food and shelter.

- The Persian invasion helped to consolidate the Greek notion of barbarian and ‘other’:

The all-embracing genus of anti-Greeks later to be termed ‘the barbarians’ [B]does not appear until the fifth century[/B]. 114

[url]http://www.astrosynthesis.com.au/articles/The%20Witches%20of%20Thessaly.pdf[/url]

momce 12-08-2012 12:48 PM

Interesting. Do you think what later become known as hellenes were already a mixed lot and the hellenes were just a special development of an underlying mixed mass...that way you can see hellenic as more of a cultural term even in the ancient world

Carlin 12-08-2012 01:16 PM

[QUOTE=momce;137588]Interesting. Do you think what later become known as hellenes were already a mixed lot and the hellenes were just a special development of an underlying mixed mass...that way you can see hellenic as more of a cultural term even in the ancient world[/QUOTE]

Not only do I think that the Classical Hellenes were a mixed people, I am of the 'belief' that the Hellenes (even as late as, say, 4th century B.C.) were primarily a multi-ethnic religious community that was likely bilingual or trilingual in certain communities.

I am reading Herodotus again - and with a completely new and different approach and frame of mind. When a person is conditioned to think a certain way all his life, it's hard to look at things differently. However, now when I see phrases in Herodotus (who was of Carian stock, but a proud Greek) such as "Greek family of nations", that's a red flag for me. :)

momce 01-01-2013 04:37 AM

Interesting I see where your line of thought is going should be very fruitful. The cultic aspect is very interesting; some thoughts: could be the ancient "greeks" were a religious cult that brought their hybrid culture from elsewhere(here I mean only the priesthood etc and the cultic leaders and retinues) whereas the mass was something different(note theres no such thing as mass society in the ancient world). So you may be able to throw out any connection betwen ancient greek culture and tribal development(which may or may not be Hellenic-consider the difference proto-Hellenic, Hellenic, Anatolian is blurred; does Myceanean explain the bridge doubtful, or consider the explanation of the greek dark ages that explains all these discontinuities is mostly forced and extrapolated-i.e merely a hypothesis). Also, political and religious consolidation within the "hellenic" areas of the southern Balkans may explain alot, including the fabricatory quality of processes.

Carlin 02-21-2020 11:48 PM

[img]https://i.imgur.com/iVy6XzD.png[/img]

Carlin 04-18-2021 02:50 PM

"The Acheans remained masters of Thessaly until they were driven out or subdued by the Thessalians, an Illyrian tribe, who crossed the Pindus according to traditional chronology in 1124 B.C."

-- The Early Age of Greece, Volume II, Sir William Ridgeway

Amphipolis 04-18-2021 07:14 PM

[QUOTE=Carlin15;184673]"The Acheans remained masters of Thessaly until they were driven out or subdued by the Thessalians, an Illyrian tribe, who crossed the Pindus according to traditional chronology in 1124 B.C."

-- The Early Age of Greece, Volume II, Sir William Ridgeway[/QUOTE]

Eeh... traditional chronology in Greece starts at 776 BC. I don't think there are any sources setting ANY event 248(!) years before the beginning of time.

Just, HOW do you find this shit?


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