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Carlin15 12-06-2018 06:50 PM

Macedonian citizens in Skopje advised to stay indoors due to high pollution index
 
[B]Macedonian citizens in Skopje advised to stay indoors due to high pollution index[/B]

URL -
[url]http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-12/05/c_137651072.htm[/url]

SKOPJE, Dec. 4 (Xinhua) -- [B]The Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning in Macedonia issued a health advisory on Tuesday to recommend citizens in the capital city of Skopje to stay indoors and reduce pollution exposure due to the latest readings exceeding 200 on air quality index (AQI) scale in the last two days.[/B]

According to the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning, the latest readings in the monitoring stations show that [B]the pollution level in Skopje ranges from 256 to 163 scale in different areas[/B].

The health advisory was based on pollution indexes reaching the 200 limit at two monitoring stations in two subsequent days.

201-300 AQI levels are considered very unhealthy, warranting health warnings of emergency conditions.

[I]Skopje in December 2017 - Photo By Reuters[/I]
[img]https://i.imgur.com/n4xZOGo.jpg[/img]

Additional relevant URLs/Articles -

[COLOR="blue"]The most polluted capital in Europe, you didn’t even know about[/COLOR]
[url]https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/story/most-polluted-capital-europe-you-didnt-even-know-about[/url]

[COLOR="blue"]Public anger as air pollution in Western Balkan cities worsens[/COLOR]
[url]https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-airpollution-balkans/public-anger-as-air-pollution-in-western-balkan-cities-worsens-idUSKBN1O31ZJ[/url]

[COLOR="blue"]"5 of Europe's 10 most polluted cities are in Balkans"[/COLOR]
[url]https://www.b92.net/eng/news/region.php?yyyy=2018&mm=12&dd=06&nav_id=105696[/url]

[I]"According to the World Health Organization (WHO), on the list of the ten most polluted cities in Europe, five are in the Balkans, and they are Bosnia-Herzegovina, Pljevlja (Montenegro) and Skopje, Tetovo and Bitola (Macedonia)."[/I]

Carlin15 01-13-2019 02:04 PM

Meet The Macedonian Software Engineer Fighting Air Pollution With An App

URL:
[url]https://www.forbes.com/sites/rebeccabanovic/2019/01/12/meet-the-macedonian-software-engineer-fighting-air-pollution-with-an-app/#e77c5656c82c[/url]

Macedonia’s Tetovo and Skopje lay unenviable claim to being the continent’s two most polluted cities in 2018 – holding air pollution indexes of 95.57 and 83.53.

The annual average of PM2.5 concentrations, particles that cause hazy air and contribute to respiratory illnesses, heart disease, stroke and cancer, in Skopje frequently go three times higher than the limits set in the U.S. by the Environmental Protection Agency. Research drawn from the European Air Quality Index and Berkeley Earth’s real time air quality map also illustrate this bleak picture.

Public health institutions have issued warnings as roughly 1500 people in Macedonia die a year because of air pollution. In the period 2015-2016, there were 1469 air-pollution related deaths. Pollution is so rampant that many Macedonians – particularly in Skopje and Tetovo, are buying air purifiers for their homes. On average an air purifier costs around 400 euros, which is close to the average monthly salary.

Amid this, Gorjan Jovanovski – a Macedonian software engineer, created an air monitoring app in 2014 called MojVozduh (MyAir), which draws directly from public data around Macedonia.

‘It started as a web page at first, to see if there was interest with people,’ Gorjan says, ‘Then I moved it to an app format because it is the easiest way for people to get information. No other platform can provide a place to share this information in an automated, clear and understandable way, so I had to make my own.’

As well as users accessing the webpage, MojVozduh has been downloaded on Android and iOS by near 100,000 users – an astonishing feat for a country of 2 million.The app uses data sources from over 40 measuring stations around Macedonia that users can check – a mix of Government and University Goce Delchev stations, as well as volunteers from the Pulse project.

‘But we also use satellite data from the European Space Agency to try and see pollution from the sky which is only available on the Android version for now,’ Gorjan adds.

‘People did not believe that it was very polluted. They knew it wasn’t the best, but at certain times it was going 20 times over the EU limit,’.

During the winter the problem is compounded: coal power stations ramp up production, and wood and coal stoves burn in homes across the country. Even the geography intensifies the problem, as Gorjan explains, ‘The mountains contribute to temperature inversion where hot air from heating goes up and cold air goes down. They push on each other and create a lid over Skopje, trapping the pollution inside.’

There has been growing discontent with the Macedonian government over pollution. Many demonstrations have taken place in the last few years. Recently, protestors in Skopje city centre displayed placards reading: “Four die daily waiting for clean air” and “It’s time for clean air”. The protests and discontent have likely been fuelled by an increase in the accessibility of information.

The Macedonian government has pledged to fight air pollution – aiming to halve Skopje pollution in just two years, with similar reductions across the country. The plan includes new air pollution monitoring stations, a reduction in VAT tax and subsidies to encourage households to use central heating instead of wood. However, despite the pledge for a subsidy, central heating is terribly costly compared to wood-burning stoves- it is unlikely Macedonians will be changing in a haste.

But, many Eastern European economies, like Macedonia, are dominated by mining and construction, which came with the communist era infrastructure where the use of coal and wood was leading. The Environment Minister Jani Makraduli said: ‘The swift adoption of the new law on industrial emissions, with stricter rules, will be the key’

Macedonia has hopes of joining the EU and some progress is anticipated, with pressure, to come close to the expected European standards. The cost of emission is expected to rise as the EU tightens its emissions-trading scheme, thus making the continued use of high emitting power sources uneconomical.

nushevski77 01-13-2019 03:17 PM

what is the reason for the high air pollution?

sydney 01-13-2019 04:09 PM

The condom revolutionaries cried foul against the previous government for the air pollution, just one of a number of factors taking away their opportunity at prosperity. Where are they now to demonstrate?

Gocka 01-13-2019 05:12 PM

[QUOTE=nushevski77;178414]what is the reason for the high air pollution?[/QUOTE]

Many factors contribute.

Most Macedonians use wood burning stoves to heat their homes, in a city of 500-700,000 that is a lot. Apart from using coal this is probably the second dirtiest fuel type.

There are factories in and around Skopje that produce emissions

There are many old cars that are still driven in Macedonia that are light years away from today's emission standards.

Emissions standards and enforcement is quite lax

Skopje's topography contributes to the pollution being trapped in its atmosphere.

nushevski77 01-13-2019 05:13 PM

interesting, thanks

Phoenix 01-14-2019 08:50 AM

[QUOTE=Gocka;178419]Many factors contribute.

Most Macedonians use wood burning stoves to heat their homes, in a city of 500-700,000 that is a lot. Apart from using coal this is probably the second dirtiest fuel type.

There are factories in and around Skopje that produce emissions

There are many old cars that are still driven in Macedonia that are light years away from today's emission standards.

Emissions standards and enforcement is quite lax

Skopje's topography contributes to the pollution being trapped in its atmosphere.[/QUOTE]

...and the penchant for most citizens to chain-smoke like dragons.

Gocka 01-14-2019 10:13 AM

[QUOTE=Phoenix;178455]...and the penchant for most citizens to chain-smoke like dragons.[/QUOTE]

My 86 year old grandmother always mocks my cousins. "pusat cigari deka imet premnogu pari"

To those who might not understand its roughly "They smoke because they have too much money".

Phoenix 01-14-2019 09:03 PM

[QUOTE=Gocka;178458]My 86 year old grandmother always mocks my cousins. "pusat cigari deka imet premnogu pari"

To those who might not understand its roughly "They smoke because they have too much money".[/QUOTE]

...now that the name problem has been creatively moved on and the fact that it will open up a pandora's box of never before imagined prosperity as the northerners bath in the tepid golden shower emanating from the roof of the parliament building, your grandmothers wisdom will finally and conclusively have true literal meaning.

Carlin15 01-28-2019 09:58 PM

[B][SIZE="3"][COLOR="Red"]Скопје најзагаден град во светот, цела Македонија се гуши[/COLOR][/SIZE][/B]

URL:
[url]https://kurir.mk/makedonija/vesti/skopje-najzagaden-grad-vo-svetot-cela-makedonija-se-gushi/[/url]

28. ЈАНУАРИ 2019

Сервисот „Ер Вижуал“ кој постојано ја следи состојбата на загадувањето на воздухот во големите градови во светот [U]претпладнево го стави Скопје на врвот на светската листа, со индекс од 217 според AQI[/U].

По Скопје е Дака, Бангладеш, со индекс 189, па Чонгќинг во Кина со иста вредност. Подолу, со индекс 186 е Вухан, Кина, па Калкута со 166.

Но, не е само Скопје загаден град во државава. [U]Загаденоста е огромна низ цела Македонија. Граѓаните буквално се гушат[/U].

Освен во Скопје, вечерва најзагадено е во Струмица.

Струмица во ноември 2012 стана прва системски гасифицирана општина во Република Македонија. [U]Струмица во јануари 2019 е најзагадениот град во Македонија, позагаден и од Скопје[/U]. Нели гасификацијата ќе го решеше загадувањето со воздухот? Кога се даваат површни пароли, тогаш имаме ваква реалност, се вели во реакцијата-анализа од 02 Коалиција.

[U]Граѓаните го изразуваа својот револт кон власта[/U], велејќи дека иако нејзините претставници ветуваа почист воздух откако ќе ја преземат власта, две години потоа нема ништо од ветеното, а загаденоста е дури и поголема.


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